Exercise 7 Review Sheet Lab Manual Human Anatomy

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created 7 years ago by cettiel
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updated 7 years ago by cettiel
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human anatomy
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1

Joint type

Typically allows a slight degree of movement

Cartilaginous

2

Joint type

Includes joints between the vertebral bodies and the pubic symphysis

Cartilaginous

3

Joint type

Essentially immovable joints

Fibrous

4

Joint type

Sutures are the most remembered example

Fibrous

5

Joint type

Characterized by cartilage connecting the bony portions

Cartilaginous

6

Joint type

All characterized by a fibrous articular capsule lined with a synovial membrane surrounding a joint cavity

Synovial

7

Joint type

All are freely movable or diarthrotic

Synovial

8

Joint type

Bone regions united by fibrous connective tissue

Fibrous

9

Joint type

Include the hip, knee and elbow joints

Synovial

10

Tissue type and function

Ligament

Dense connective tissue made out of fascia that connects bone to bone

Stabilizes joints during movement

11

Tissue type and function

Tendon

Connective tissue

Connects muscle to bone

12

Tissue type and function

Articular cartilage

Connective tissue

Cushions bones from rubbing against each other

Also allows gliding motion

13

Tissue type and function

Synovial membrane

Soft connective tissue

Secretes synovial fluid which serves to lubricate the joint and reduce friction between bones in joints

14

Tissue type and function

Bursa

Fibrous connective tissue

Prevents friction within the joints

15

Joint between the axis and atlas

Pivot

16

Hip Joint

Ball and socket

17

Intervertebral joints (between articular processes)

Condyloid

18

Joint between forearm bones and wrist

Condyloid

19

Elbow

Hinge

20

Interphalangeal joints

Hinge

21

Intercarpal joings

Gliding

22

Joint between talus and tibia/fibula

Hinge

23

Joint between skull and vertebral column

Condyloid

24

Joint between jaw and skull

Hinge

25

Joints between proximal phalanges and metacarpal bones

Condyloid

26

...

Multiaxial joint

27

...

Biracial joint

28

...

Uniaxial joint

29

Number of planes in which each joint can move

_____ uniaxial joints, _____ biaxial joints, _____ multiaxial joints

1 uniaxial joints

2 biaxial joints

3 multiaxial joints

30

What characteristics do all joints have in common?

Movement (flexibility) and hold the bones together

31

What joint, the hip or the knee, is more stable?

The hip

32

Name two important factors that contribute to the stability of the hip joint.

Deep socket and ligaments

33

Name two important factors that contribute to the stability of the knee.

Strength of the anterior and posterior cruciform ligaments and the integrity of the cartilage on the bones of the knees

34

The shoulder joint is build for mobility. List four factors that contribute to the large range of motion at the shoulder.

1. Ball and socket joint

2. Glenoid labrum deepens the cavity

3. Few reinforcing ligaments

4. Thin/loose articular cartilage encloses the joint

35

In which direction does the shoulder usually dislocate?

Downward displacement of the humerous

36

During muscle contraction, the _____ moves toward the _____.

1. Insertion

2. Origin

37

What structural joint changes are common to the elderly?

Joints degenerate

Adhesions may form where bones join

Extraneous bone tissue can grow along joint edges

38

Define sprain.

Ligaments reinforcing a joint are damaged by excessive stretching or are torn away from the bony attachment

39

Define dislocation.

Torn and stressed ligaments

Considerable inflammation