Buddhism

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1

Ananda

Ānanda was one of the ten principal disciples of Gautama Buddha. Amongst the Buddha's many disciples, Ānanda had the most retentive memory

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Ashoka

Emperor Ashoka the Great (sometimes spelt Aśoka) lived from 304 to 232 BCE and was the third ruler of the Indian Mauryan Empire, the largest ever in the Indian subcontinent and one of the world's largest empires at its time. He ruled form 268 BCE to 232 BCE and became a model of kingship in the Buddhist tradition.

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Avalokiteshvara

Avalokiteśvara (Sanskrit, "Lord who looks down", Wylie: spyan ras gzigs, THL Chenrézik) is a bodhisattva who embodies the compassion of all Buddhas. This bodhisattva is variably depicted and described and is portrayed in different cultures as either female or male.

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Bodhidharma

Bodhidharma was a Buddhist monk who lived during the 5th or 6th century. He is traditionally credited as the transmitter of Chan Buddhism to China, and regarded as its first Chinese patriarch.

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Buddhaghosa

was a 5th-century Indian Theravada Buddhist commentator and scholar.

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Dogen

was a Japanese Zen Buddhist teacher born in Kyōto. He founded the Sōtō school of Zen in Japan after travelling to China and training under Rujing, a master of the Chinese Caodong lineage.

7

Eisai

was a Japanese Buddhist priest, credited with bringing the Rinzai school of Zen Buddhism and green tea from China to Japan. He is often known simply as Eisai/Yōsai Zenji (栄西禅師), literally "Zen master Eisai".

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Hui-k’o

The second patriarch of the Zen (Ch'an) school in China. As a young man, he studied Confucianism, Taoist philosophy, and the Buddhist scriptures. He entered the Buddhist Order under the guidance of Pao-ching at Mount Hsiang. He then practiced Buddhism in a number of places before returning to Mount Hsiang in 518.

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Kanisha

Kanishka (or Kaniska) was the greatest king of the Kushana dynasty.

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Mahayana

Mahayana. Mahāyāna (Sanskrit: महायान mahāyāna, literally the "Great Vehicle") is one of two (or three, under some classifications) main existing branches of Buddhism and a term for classification of Buddhist philosophies and practice.

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Mahinda

was a Buddhist monk depicted in Buddhist sources as bringing Buddhism to Sri Lanka.

12

Mara

In Buddhism, Mara is the demon who assaulted Gautama Buddha beneath the bodhi tree, using violence, sensory pleasure and mockery in an attempt to prevent the Buddha from attaining enlightenment. In Buddhist cosmology, Mara personifies unskillfulness, the "death" of the spiritual life.

13

Maya

was the birth mother of Gautama Buddha, the sage on whose teachings Buddhism was founded

14

Milarepa

generally considered one of Tibet's most famous yogis and poets. He was a student of Marpa Lotsawa, and a major figure in the history of the Kagyu school of Tibetan Buddhism.

15

Padmasambhava

also known as Guru Rinpoche, is a literary character of terma,[1] an emanation of Amitābha that is said to appear to tertöns in visionary encounters and a focus of Tibetan Buddhist practice, particularly in the Nyingma school.

16

Pali Canon

is the standard collection of scriptures in the Theravadan Buddhist tradition, as preserved in the Pāli language.[1] It is the first known and most complete extant early Buddhist canon.

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Prajapati

In Buddhist tradition, Mahāpajāpatī Gotamī was the first woman to request the Ordination of women in Buddhism, which she did from Gautama Buddha directly, and the first bhikkhuni.

18

Rahula

was the only son of Siddhartha Gautama (Pāli Siddhattha Gotama), later known as the Buddha, and his wife Princess Yasodharā.

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Suddhodhana

was the father of Gautama Buddha.[1] He was a leader of the Shakya, who lived in Kapilavastu.

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Theravada

the "Doctrine of the Elders," is the school of Buddhism that draws its scriptural inspiration from the Tipitaka, or Pali canon, which scholars generally agree contains the earliest surviving record of the Buddha's teachings.

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Trikaya

a Mahayana Buddhist teaching on both the nature of reality and the nature of Buddhahood.

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Vajrayana

The Vajrayana techniques add 'skillful means' to the general Mahayana teachings for advanced students. The 'skillful means' of the Vajrayana in Tibetan Buddhism refers to tantra techniques, Dzogchen (Tibetan; Sanskrit:maha-ati) and Mahamudra

23

Yasodhara

was the wife of Siddhārtha Gautama, later known as Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism. She later became a bhikkhuni (a Buddhist nun) and is considered an arahatā.

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*Names of the Buddha (including how to spell his birth name)

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Places and dates (Story of the Buddha)

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*List the 4 Noble Truths

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