Anatomy & Physiology Ii

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Module 1 Chapter 17
updated 5 years ago by acaverett90
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1

Chemical messengers of the endocrine system

Hormones

2

Act on target cells to maintain homeostasis

Hormones

3

3 types of glands in the body

Endocrine, endocrine, mixed

4

Secrets hormones & consists of epithelium

Endocrine gland

5

What thpe of gland is the thyroid gland

Endocrine

6

Secretes products through ductzs

Ä’xocrine gand

7

What type of gland is the pancreas

Mixed gland, endocrine and exocrine

8

what are the 2 regions of the pituitary gland

Adenohypophysis and neurohypophysis

9

Located in the sella turcica

Pituitary gland

10

Region of the pituitary gland that secretes hormones and consists of epithelium

Adenohypophysis

11

Adenohypohysifs

anterior pituitary gland

12

Regional storage area for hormones

Neurohypophysis

13

Neurohypophysis

Posterior pituitary

14

RRegion of the pituitary that stains darker

Anterior pituitary

15

Regulates growth

Growth hormone

16

Initiates and maintains milk secretions

Prolactin

17

Aids in skin pigmentation

Melanocyte stimulating hormone

18

Gonadotrophins

Regulate gamete formation

19

FSH and LH are

gonadotrophins

20

Controls activity of adrenal cortex

Adrenocorticotropic hormone

21

Controls thyroid function

Thyrotropic hormone

22

Two. Hormones produced by the neurohypophysis

Antidiuretic hormone and oxytocin

23

Controls water loss from body

Antidiuretic hormne

24

Enhances uterine contractions in labor

Oxytocin

25

Joins two lobes of thyroid gland

Isthmus

26

Two major hormones of thyroid gland

Thyroxin and calcitonin

27

Decreases blood calcium

Calcitonin

28

Where are parathyroid glands located

Posterior thyroid

29

Glands locate on top of kidneys

IAdrenal glands

30

two regions of adrenal gland

Cortex and medulla