Juvenile Justice - CRJ 155 Chapter 13

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1

When did gangs first evolved?

Gangs first emerged in the Southwest following the Mexican Revolution in 1813.

2

Where did the development of gangs begin?

The develop of supergangs began in Chicago & Los Angeles.

3

Martin Sanchez Jankowski - The most important organizational features of urban gangs is?

Leadership

Recruitment

Initiation Rites

Migration Patterns

4

Jankowski's 3 varieties of gang leadership are:

1)Vertical/ Hierarchical

2)Horizontal/Commission

3)Influential

5

What are the 4 ways youths are initiated into gangs?

1)"Jumped in" or fight other members

2)Must participate in illegal acts

3)Must assist in drug trafficking

4) Must participate in "walk -up" or "drive by shootings"

6

Wolfgang & colleagues Study

Their study found that boys who belonged to gangs persisted in delinquent behavior for nearly 3 yrs longer than did those who never joined.

7

How many stages are there in gang development?

There are 7 stages of gang development

8

How can we get people out of a gang?

1) Community organization, community mobilization,& networking

2)Social intervention- focusing on individual behavorial and value change

3)Opportunity provision- emphasizing the improvement of basic education,training,& job opportunities.

4)Suppression- focusing on arrest,incarceration,monitoring, & supervision of gang members.

5)Organizational development & change- creation of special organizational units as well as procedures.

9

How can we prevent gangs ?

According to Spergel gang prevention and control model must have the following components.

1) Community must take responsibility for developing & implementing this model

2)Structural model must take seriously the hopelessness arisong from the unmet needs of underclass children

3)Prevention programs, especially in the first six years of school,must receive a major emphasis

4)Those who support this model must coordinate all the gang intervention efforts taking place in the community

5)Sufficient financial resources must be available for implementing this model.