Juvenile Justice - CRJ 155 Chapter 13
When did gangs first evolved?
Gangs first emerged in the Southwest following the Mexican Revolution in 1813.
Where did the development of gangs begin?
The develop of supergangs began in Chicago & Los Angeles.
Martin Sanchez Jankowski - The most important organizational features of urban gangs is?
Jankowski's 3 varieties of gang leadership are:
What are the 4 ways youths are initiated into gangs?
1)"Jumped in" or fight other members
2)Must participate in illegal acts
3)Must assist in drug trafficking
4) Must participate in "walk -up" or "drive by shootings"
Wolfgang & colleagues Study
Their study found that boys who belonged to gangs persisted in delinquent behavior for nearly 3 yrs longer than did those who never joined.
How many stages are there in gang development?
There are 7 stages of gang development
How can we get people out of a gang?
1) Community organization, community mobilization,& networking
2)Social intervention- focusing on individual behavorial and value change
3)Opportunity provision- emphasizing the improvement of basic education,training,& job opportunities.
4)Suppression- focusing on arrest,incarceration,monitoring, & supervision of gang members.
5)Organizational development & change- creation of special organizational units as well as procedures.
How can we prevent gangs ?
According to Spergel gang prevention and control model must have the following components.
1) Community must take responsibility for developing & implementing this model
2)Structural model must take seriously the hopelessness arisong from the unmet needs of underclass children
3)Prevention programs, especially in the first six years of school,must receive a major emphasis
4)Those who support this model must coordinate all the gang intervention efforts taking place in the community
5)Sufficient financial resources must be available for implementing this model.