Muscle Flashcards


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created 11 years ago by tlhgg
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Insertion and origin
Grade levels:
College: Second year
Subjects:
a&p, muscle
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1

Torso: Pectoralis Major

Origin: sternum, medial clavicle, costal cartilage
Insertion: Lateral lip of bicipital groove

2

Torso: Latissimus dorsi

Origin: Spinous processes of T7-12, lumbodorsal fasia, crest of ilium,lover ribs
Insertion: floor of bicipital groove

3

Shoulder: Supraspinatus

Origin: supraspinous fossa of scapula
Insertion: superior facet of greater tuberosity of humerus

4

Shoulder: Infraspinatus

Origin: infraspinous fossa of scapula
Insertion: middle facet of greater tuberosity of humerus

5

Shoulder: Teres minor

Origin: dorsoinferior axillary border of scapula
Insertion: inferior facet of greater tuberosity of humerus

6

Shoulder: Subscapularis

Origin: subscapular fossa of scapula
Insertion: Lesser tuberosity of humerus

7

Arm: Biceps brachii

Origin: Long head-Supraglenoid tubercle of scapula
Short head-coracoid process of scapula
Insertion: radial tuberosity of radius

8

Arm: Triceps brachii

Origin: Long head-infraglenoid tubercle of scapula
Short head-posterolateral humerus
Medial head-lower posterior humerus
Insertion: Olecranon process of ulna

9

Arm: Brachialis

Origin: distal half of anterior humerus
Insertion: Coronoid process of anterior ulna

10

Forearm: Pronator teres

Origin: common flexor tendon, medial epicondyle of humerus
Insertion: mid-shaft of radius

11

Forearm: Flexor carpi radialis

Origin: common flexor tendon,medial epicondyle of humerus
Insertion: palmar base of 2nd metacarpal

12

Forearm: Flexor carpi ulnaris

Origin: common flexor tendon,medial epicondyle of humerus
Insertion: Primaily on to pisiform and then by tendinous extensions to 5th metacarpal and hamate

13

Forearm: Palmaris longus

Origin: common flexor tendon,medial epicondyle of humerus
Insertion: palmar aponeurosis

14

Forearm: Extensor carpi radialis (longus and brevis)

Origin: common flexor tendon,lateral epicondyle of humerus
Insertion: Longus- dorsal base of 2nd meacarpal
Brevis- dorsal base of 3rd meacarpal

15

Forearm: Extensor carpi ulnaris

Origin: common flexor tendon,lateral epicondyle of humerus
Insertion: base of 5th metacarpal vis pisiform bone

16

Forearm: Brachioradialis

Origin: lateral supracondylar ridge of humerus
Insertion: lateral distal radius just proximal to styloid process

17

Hip: Gluteus maximus

Origin: poserior ilium, sacrum, coccyx
Insertion: greater trochanter of femur

18

Hip: Iliacus

Origin: iliac fossa of anterior ilium
Insertion: lesser trochanter of femur

19

Hip: Psoas major

Origin: vertebral bodies, transverse processes, intervertebral dics, T12-L5
Insertion: lesser trochanter

20

Anterior thigh-Rectus femoris
(Quadriceps)

Origin: straight head: AIIS
reflected head: upper brim of acetabulum
Insertion: Tibial tuberosity (via infrapatellar tendon)

21

Anterior thigh- Vastus medialis

Origin: broad origin from anterior femur
Insertion: Tibial tuberosity (via infrapatellar tendon)

22

Anterior thigh- Vastus lateralis

Origin: broad origin from anterior femur
Insertion: Tibial tuberosity (via infrapatellar tendon)

23

Anterior thigh- Vastus intermedius

Origin: broad origin from anterior femur
Insertion: Tibial tuberosity (via infrapatellar tendon)

24

Posterior thigh- Biceps femoris(lateral hamstrings)
(Ouadriceps)

Origin: long head- ischial tuberosity
Short head- proximal posterior femur
Insertion: head of fibula (80%), lateral condyle of tibia

25

Posterior thigh- Semitendinosus(1/2 of medial hamstrings)

Origin: ischial tuberosity
Insertion: proximal anteromedial tibia

26

Posterior thigh- Semimembranosus

Origin: ischial tuberosity
Insertion: medial condyle of tibia

27

Leg- Gastrocnemius

Origin: Medial head-medial femoral condyle and adjacent femur
Lateral head-lateral femoral condyle and adjacent femur:knee joint capsule
Insertion: calcaneal tuberosity via calcaneal (achilles) tendon

28

Leg- Soleus

Origin: middle third of medial border of tibia; posterior head and upper 1/3 of shaft of fibula
Insertion:calcaneal tuberosity via calcaneal (achilles) tendon

29

Leg- Tibialis posterior

Origin: lateral/posterior surface of tibia, upper medial surface of fibula
Insertion: tuberosity of navicular bone, plantar surace of all cuneiform

30

Leg- Fibularis longus

Origin: Lateral condyle of the tibia, head and upper lateral surface of fibula
Insertion:Lateral side of medial cuneiform bone, base of 1st metatarsal bone

31

Leg- Fibularis brevis

Origin: lower/lateral surface of fibula
Insertion: Lateral side of base of 5th metatarsal bone

32

Leg- Tibialis anterior

Origin: lateral condyle of the tibia upper 2/3 of the lateral surface of tibia
Insertion: medial and plantar surface of medial cuneiform bone, base of 1st metatarsal