Anatomy Quiz 1 (Aug 25)

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created 5 years ago by anatomy3753
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Roots, Prefixes, Suffixes
updated 5 years ago by anatomy3753
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anatomy
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1

a-

Without

Example: Avascular

2

ab-

From

Example: Abduct

3

-ac, -akos

Pertaining to

Example: Cardiac

4

ad-

To, toward

Example: Adduct

5

aden-, adeno- (adenos)

Gland

Example: Adenoid

6

af- (ad)

Toward

Example: Afferent

7

-al, -alis

Pertaining to

Example: Brachial

8

-algia (algos)

Pain

Example: Neuralgia

9

ana-

Up, back

Example: Anaphase

10

andro- (andros)

Male

Example: Androgen

11

angio- (angeion)

Vessel

Example: Angiogram

12

anti-, ant-

Against

Example: Antibiotic

13

apo-

From

Example: Apocrine

14

arachn- (arachne)

Spider

Example: Arachnoid

15

arthro- (arthros)

Joint

Example: Arthroscopy

16

-asis, -asia

State, Condition

Example: Homeostasis

17

astro- (aster)

Star

Example: Astrocyte

18

atel- (ateles)

Imperfect

Example: Atelectasis

19

baro- (baros)

Pressure

Example: Baroreceptor

20

bi-

Two

Example: Bifurcate

21

blast-, -blast

Precursor

Example: Blastocyst

22

brachi- (brachium)

Arm

Example: Brachiocephalic

23

brady- (bradys)

Slow

Example: Bradycardia

24

bronch- (bronchus)

Windpipe, airway

Example: Bronchial

25

cardi-, cardio-, -cardia (kardia)

Heart

Example: Cardiac

26

-centesis (kentesis)

Puncture

Example: Thoracocentesis

27

cerebro- (cerebrum)

Brain

Example: Cerebrospinal

28

chole- (chole)

Bile

Example: Cholecystitis

29

chondro- (chondros)

Cartilage

Example: Chondrocyte

30

chrom-, chromo- (chroma)

Color

Example: Chromatin

31

circum-

Around

Example: Circumduction

32

-clast (klastos)

Broken

Example: Osteoclast

33

coel-, -coel (koila)

Cavity

Example: Coelom

34

contra-

Against

Example: Contralateral

35

cranio- (cranium)

Skull

Example: Craniosacral

36

cribr- (cribrum)

Sieve

Example: Cribriform

37

-crine (krinein)

To separate

Example: Endocrine

38

cyst-, -cyst (kystis)

Sac

Example: Blastocyst

39

desmo- (desmos)

Band

Example: Desmosome

40

di- (dis)

Twice

Example: Disaccharide

41

dia-

Through

Example: Diameter

42

diure- (diourein)

To urinate

Example: Diuresis

43

dys-

Painful

Example: Dysmenorrhea

44

-ectasis (ektasis)

Expansion

Example: Atelectasis

45

ecto- (ektos)

Outside

Example: Ectoderm

46

ef- (ex)

Away from

Example: Efferent

47

emmetro- (emmetros)

In proper measure

Example: Emmetropia

48

encephalo- (enkephalos)

Brain

Example: Encephalitis

49

end-, endo- (endos)

Inside

Example: Endometrium

50

entero- (enteron)

Intestine

Example: Enteric

51

epi-

On

Example: Epimysium

52

erythema-

Flushed (skin)

Example: Erythematosis

53

erythro- (erythros)

Red

Example: Erythrocyte

54

ex-

Out, away from

Example: Exocytosis

55

ferr- (ferrum)

Iron

Example: Transferrin

56

-gen, -genic (gennan)

To produce

Example: Mutagen

57

genicula- (geniculum)

Kneelike structure

Example: Geniculate

58

genio- (geneion)

Chin

Example: Geniohyoid

59

glosso-, -glossus

Tongue

Example: Hypoglossal

60

glyco- (glykys)

Sugar

Example: Glycogen

61

-gram (gramma)

Record

Example: Myogram

62

-graph, -graphia (graphein)

To write, record

Example: Electroencephalograph

63

gyne-, gyno- (gynaikos)

Woman

Example: Gynecologist

64

hem-, hemato- (haima)

Blood

Example: Hematopoiesis

65

hemi-

Half

Example: Hemisphere

66

hepato- (hepaticus)

Liver

Example: Hepatocyte

67

hetero- (heteros)

Other

Example: Heterosexual

68

histo-

Tissue

Example: Histology

69

holo-

Entire

Example: Holocrine

70

homeo-, homo-

Same

Example: Homeostasis

71

hyal-, hyalo- (hyalos)

Glass

Example: Hyaline

72

hydro-

Water

Example: Hydrolysis

73

hyo- (hyoeides)

U-shaped

Example: Hyoid

74

hyper-

Above

Example: Hyperpolarization

75

ili-, ilio- (ilium)

Iliac

76

infra-

Beneath

Example: Infraorbital

77

inter-

Between

Example: Interventricular

78

intra-

Within

Example: Intracapsular

79

ipsi- (ipse)

Itself

Example: Ipsilateral

80

iso- (isos)

Equal

Example: Isotonic

81

-itis

Inflammation

Example: Dermatitis

82

karyo- (karyon)

Body

Example: Megakaryocyte

83

kerato- (keros)

Horn

Example: Keratin

84

kino-, -kinin

To move

Example: Bradykinin

85

lact-, lacto-, -lactin (lac)

Milk

Example: Prolactin

86

-lemma

Husk

Example: Plasmalemma

87

leuko- (leukos)

White

Example: Leukocyte

88

liga- (ligare)

To bind together

Example; Ligase

89

lip-, lipo-

Fat

Example: Lipoid

90

lyso-, -lysis, -lyze (lysis)

Dissolution

Example: Hydrolysis

91

mal-

Abnormal

Example: Malabsorption

92

mamilla-

Little breast

Example: Mamillary

93

mast-, masto-

Breast

Example: Mastoid

94

mega-

Big

Example; Megakaryocyte

95

mero-

Part

Example: Merocrine

96

meso- (mesos)

Middle

Example: Mesoderm

97

meta-

After, beyond

Example: Metaphase

98

mono-

Single

Example: Monocyte

99

morpho- (morphe)

Form

Example: Morphology

100

-mural

Wall

Example: Intramural

101

myelo-

Marrow

Example: Myeloblast

102

myo- (mys)

Muscle

Example: Myofilament

103

natri- (natrium)

Sodium

Example: Natriuretic

104

neur-, neuro- (neuron)

Nerve

Example: Neuromuscular