Phlebotomy Vocab

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1

A pathogen that is spread by blood and body fluids containing blood. Typically, are hepatitis and HIV

Blood-borne pathogens

2

Infection from one's own flora

Autogenous infection

3

Instrument for sterilizing that uses steam under pressure

Autoclave

4

Were formed to provide health coverage for both hospital and physician services

Health Maintenance Organizations (HMOs)

5

Contracts with certain health care facilities but offers more freedom for patients to choose to whom they go

Preferred Provider Organization (PPOs)

6

Bleeding of individuals to reduce the patients amount of blood does occur today to treat diseases

Polycythemia Vera (PV)

7

Acceptable level of performance

Threshold

8

An unexpected occurrence involving death or serious physical and psychological injury

Sentinel Event

9

Collection of blood from a vein by penetrating the vein with a needle

Venipuncture

10

The analysis of a substance to determine the amount or proportions of the substance. Results will be released as an amount, such as grams per liter

Quantitative Analysis

11

Review and monitoring of outcomes to strive toward continuous improvement in performance

Quality Improvement

12

Methods to monitor processes and confirm that processes are with in the pre-established limits

Quality Control

13

The chemical analysis designed to identify the components of a substance. The results from this analysis are released as a positive (present) or negative (Not present) result

Qualitative Analysis

14

Program that strives to have the health care facility guarantee that all areas are providing the highest quality and most appropriate level of care

Quality Assurance

15

All processes that it takes to collect the sample and get to the point in which the testing of the sample can occur

Pre-examination

16

Process in which the results of the testing are communicated to the health care provider

Post-examination

17

Study of the nature and cause of disease

Pathology

18

All processes that are done to preform the test on the sample to achieve a result

Examination

19

Laboratory tests that are not routinely done. These tests are often sent to another lab that specializes in a specific test

Esoteric

20

Sample collection where the phlebotomist team and is dispatched to hospital units to collect blood samples

Centralized Phlebotomy

21

Document stipulation the kind of life-prolonging medical care permitted for a patient

Advance Directive

22

Substances that can be mixed with out reacting with one another

Compatible

23

Sample collection where all members of the health care team share responsibility to collect blood samples

Decentralized Phlebotomy

24

The outward behavior of an individual

Demeanor

25

Controls that isolate or remove blood-borne pathogens hazardous for the workplace

Engineering Controls

26

Involvement of non-managerial frontline employees in decision for the use of needle safety devices

Employee Input

27

The type of isolation that expanded universal precautions to require glove use when contacting all body substances

Body Substance Isolation (BSI)

28

Isolation based on the category (Strict, respiratory)

Category-Specific Isolation

29

Disease that is spread from person to person

Communicable Disease

30

A plan that identifies those tasks and procedures in which occupational exposure may occur and identifies the positions whose duties include those tasks or procedures

Exposure Control Plan

31

A infection affecting only one area of the body

Local Infection

32

Irritation and redness of the skin by direct contact with an chemical irritant

Irritant Contact Dermatitis

33

Infection that develops in a patient 48 hours or more after admission to a hospital or health facility

Nosocomial Infection

34

Assumes that all blood and most body fluids are potentially infections

Standard Precautions

35

Isolation precautions taken for patients diagnosed/suspected of a specific transmissible disease. The precautions are based on whether the disease is transmitted by contact, droplet, or air borne

Transmission-Based Precautions

36

Human body fluids, unfixed tissue/blood and organs or other tissues from experimental animals infected with HIV or HBV

Other Potentially Infectious Material (OPIM)

37

Equipment that is used to protect the health care associate from exposure to blood and body fluids

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

38

An infection affecting the entire body

Systemic Infection

39

Specially labeled puncture resistant containers for the disposal of sharp items such as needles, scalpels and syringes

Sharps Container

40

Process of the body using simple substances to build substances

Anabolism

41

Skeletal system that provides protection for parts of the body

Axial Skeleton

42

Skeletal system that provides an anchor for muscles

Appendicular Skeleton

43

Process of producing energy by breaking down complex compounds into simple compounds

Catabolism

44

Semifluid inside of the cell membrane

Cytoplasm

45

Channel for transport of material in and out of the nucleus

Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)

46

Process for purifying blood by passing through a dialyzer

Hemodialysis

47

Formation of blood cells

Hemopoiesis

48

Layers of membranes with in a cell that synthesize carbohydrates and combines with protein molecules

Golgi Apparatus

49

Spherical bodies in the cell cytoplasm that break down components

Lysosomes

50

Process in the body of making substances and breaking down substances so the body can function

Metabolism

51

Equal right and left sections

Median (Sagittal) Plane

52

Toward point of attachment to body

Proximal

53

Farthest from point of attachment to body

Distal

54

When a person is lying on his/her back, face up

Supine Position

55

The portion of the arm that is in front of the bend of the elbow. (The most prominent veins for venipuncture)

Antecubital Fossa

56

Chemical substances that prevents the blood from clotting

Anticoagulant

57

The vein on the little finger side of the arm running the length of the arm

Basilic vein

58

Layer if cells in an anticoagulant tube of blood that is positioned between the red blood cells and plasma layers. Consists of white blood cells and platelets

Buffy Coat

59

Instrument that spins and separated blood into layers depending on the weight of the layer. The heavier elements are pushed to the bottom

Centrifuge

60

The vein on the thumb side of the arm, running the length of the arm

Cephalic Vein

61

Blood pressure when the heart is at rest

Diastolic

62

Infection of the inner membrane of the heart

Endocarditis

63

Formed blood element; also known as red blood cells

Erythrocytes

64

Formed blood elements; also known as white blood cells

Leukocytes

65

The vein in the antecubital fossa of the arm that bridges the cephalic and basilica veins

Median Cubital Vein

66

Blocked, preventing a normal flow of blood

Occluded

67

Fluid portion of the blood when no clotting has taken place

Plasma

68

System circulating blood through the lungs

Pulmonary System

69

Fluid portion of the blood after clotting has taken place

Serum

70

System circulating blood throughout the body with the exception of the lungs

Systemic System

71

Blood pressure when the heart is fully contracted

Systolic

72

Formed blood element; also known as platelets

Thrombocytes

73

Any material placed in a tube that maintains or facilitates the integrity and function of the sample

Additive

74

Adhesive molecular forces between liquid and solid materials that draw liquid into a narrow-bore capillary tube

Capillary Action

75

Fragments of the fibrin/clot found in the bloodstream

Fibrin Degradation Products (FDPs)

76

Process at the end of the clotting process that breaks down fibrin into small fragments, called fibrin degradation products, that lead to disintegration of the clot

Fibrinolysis

77

Metal rod used for mixing the blood sample that fits inside a capillary tube

Flea

78

Concentrating the constituents of blood by leaving the tourniquet on too long

Hemoconcentration

79

Process of the formation of a blood clot when an injury occurs and then lysing of that blood clot when the injury has been repaired

Hemostasis

80

To search for a vein with a pressure-and-release touch

Palpate

81

The process of platelet clumps adhering to an injured area to stop bleeding

Platelet Adhesion

82

The process of platelets clumping together during hemostasis

Platelet Aggregation

83

A gel material capable of forming an interface between the cells and fluid portion of the blood as a result of centrifugation

Thixotropoic Separator Gel

84

Any constrictor used to facilitate vein prominence

Tourniquet

85

Constriction of vessels that limits blood flow

Vasoconstriction

86

Degree of thickness or resistance to flow of a substance

Viscosity

87

Part of the whole sample that has been taken off for use or storage

Aliquot

88

Reflex condition of the artery in response to pain or anxiety

Arteriospasm

89

Device used for access for dialyzing and for blood drawing in patients with a kidney disorder

Cannula

90

Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the tissues, resulting in swelling

Edema

91

Artificial shunt connection done by surgical procedure to fuse the vein and artery together (Used for dialysis only)

Fistula

92

Leakage of blood out of the vein during or after venipuncture that causes a bruise

Hematoma

93

Fluid located between the cellular components of tissue

Interstitial Fluid

94

Toward the side of the body

Lateral

95

Toward the midline, or middle of the body

Medial

96

Sole of the foot

Plantar

97

Board with Velcro straps to hold a child

Papoose

98

Involving aspects of social and psychological behavior

Psychosocial

99

Daily variation in blood levels at a particular time of day

Diurnal

100

Having had nothing to eat for at least 8 to 12 hours

Fasting

101

Diabetes during pregnancy

Gestational Diabetes

102

A hard, red spot that is the result of lymphocytes migrating to the injection

Induration

103

Fibrous tumor arising from a cut resulting in excessive scar tissue

Keloid

104

Process of cell destruction, resulting in non-intact cell structure

Lysis

105

Nothing by month, from the Latin term nulla per os

NPO

106

Drug level in the blood collected 15 to 30 minutes after the dosage has been administered or when the highest serum concentration of the drug is expected

Peak Level (Postdose)

107

After a meal

Postprandial

108

Condition in which microorganisms (mainly bacteria) are circulating and multiplying in the patients blood

Septicemia

109

Collection and testing of blood to evaluate and manage medication therapy effectively and safely

Therapeutic Drug Monitoring (TDM)

110

Concentration of medication that is effective and not toxic in patient management

Therapeutic Range

111

Drug level in the blood collected when the lowest serum concentration is expected, which is usually 30 minutes before administering the next dose

Trough Level (Predose)

112

A whitish raised bump produced by the fluid from an intradermal injection

Wheal

113

Cyclical changes throughout the day

Circadian

114

Seasonal changes over the course of a year

Circannual

115

Viable microorganism or its toxin that causes or may cause human disease

Etiologic Agent

116

Skill in handling affairs without raising hostility

Diplomacy

117

A phlebotomist who works in a physician's office to collect samples from patients but is an employee of the lab

In-Office Phlebotomist

118

Superior professional attention and assistance to out customers needs

Quality Service

119

Person who is being given information by a sender

Receiver

120

Person communicating to someone else verbally or nonverbally

Sender

121

The most efficient and effective way of accomplishing a task, process, or activity based on repeatable procedures that have proven themselves over time for large number of people

Best Practices

122

Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act of 188, enforced by a committee of inspectors. Main goal is to protect patient's from receiving inaccurate results

CLIA

123

The formalized monitoring of an organization's adherence to laws and regulations

Compliance

124

Current Procedural Terminology manual listing a coding of procedures and services performed by physicians.

CPT

125

Professional code of conduct in treatment of patients. Ingrained in this is a moral philosophy

Ethics

126

Department of Health and Human Services

HHS

127

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act

HIPAA

128

Failure of a professional person to offer a standard of care, resulting in injury or harm to the patient

Malpractice

129

Service that is reasonable and necessary for the treatment of the patient's illness

Medical necessity

130

Office of the Inspector General

OIG

131

Protected health information

PHI

132

Ability to correctly perform a task according to a standard procedure

Competency

133

Sets standards of care to ensure quality and reliability of health care, survey's are accepted by Medicare, lab tests must meet the accuracy standards, and labs must meet procedure standards

The Joint Commission

134

Inspects lab procedures and lab results, and proficiency samples are sent to labs for accuracy checks

College of American Pathologists (CAP)

135

Regulations enforced by a committee of inspectors, establishes and enforces safety standards for employees, and can issue fines if there are violations

Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)

136

International agency for accreditation and approval of education programs in clinical laboratory sciences and related health care professions. Competencies must be met by student in order for educational program to exist

National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences (NAACLA)

137

Establishes lab guidelines and procedures, Consists of representatives of the lab and lab industry, and maintains uniformity of lab procedures on a national basis

Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI)

138

Keeps the hospital in compliance

Administration

139

Monitors patients with cardiovascular disease

Electrocardiography (EKG)

140

Diagnosis of neurophysiological disorders

Electroencephalography (EEG)

141

Maintains a clean facility

Environmental Service

142

Provides diets to patients

Food Services (Dietary)

143

Diagnoses gastrointestinal disorders

Gastrointestinal (GI) Laboratory

144

Providing testing of patient samples

Laboratory

145

Maintains patient records

Medical Records

146

Provides direct patient care

Nursing

147

Provides therapy to help maintain living skills

Occupational Therapy

148

Dispenses dugs and advises on drug usage

Pharmacy

149

Provides therapy to restore mobility

Physical Therapy

150

Uses imaging for diagnosis and treatment

Radiology

151

Provides therapy to evaluate the lungs

Respiratory Therapy

152

Speech Therapy

Provides therapy to restore speech

153

Increased care of the patient due to a heart condition

Coronary Care Unit (CCU)

154

Emergency treatment of patients

Emergency Department

155

Elderly patients

Geriatric

156

Follow-up care of a patient at home

Home Health Care

157

Increased care due to the critical needs of the patient

Intensive Care Unit (ICU)

158

Newborn Care

Neonatal

159

Patients on dialysis

Nephrology

160

Patients in labor of childbirth

Obstetrics

161

Patients with cancer

Oncology

162

Patients with broken bones

Orthopedic

163

Infants and children

Pediatrics

164

Recovery treatment of patients

Recovery