Patho EXam 4

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created 4 years ago by lizandra1994
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1

Osteoporosis pathophysiology

leads to bone resorption that exceeds bone formation by the loss of bone mass and deterioration of the architecture of cancellous bone with a subsequent increase in bone fragility and susceptibility to fractures

2

Osteoporosis signs and symptoms

loss of height, kyphosis, low back pain fractures of the forearm, spine and hip

3

Osteoporosis diagnostic tests/ medication

bone density studies, X-ray until there is a loss greater than 30 percent, Calcium supplements

4

Rheumatoid Arthritis pathophysiology

chronic, progressive, systemic, autoimmune disease with inflammation of the joints and deformity

5

Rheumatoid Arthritis Sign and Symptoms

Anorexia, weight loss, fever, loss of energy

6

Rheumatoid Arthritis diagnostic test/ medications

X-Ray, SERUM RHEUMATOID FACTOR +, EVIDENCE OF ANEMIA WITH CBC, NSAIDS, SYSTEMIC CORTICOSTEROIDS LONG TERM USED

7

Osteoarthritis pathophysiology

a form of arthritis with progressive destruction of the cartilage in both the synovial joints and vertebrae

8

Osteoarthritis signs and symptoms

Dull, aching pain in the affected joint, numbness or tingling at night ,crepitus, edema and stiffness

9

Osteoarthritis diagnostic test/medication

X-Ray, Eosinophil sedimentation rate (ESR), medication include tylenol(acetaminophen), or Aspirin NSAIDS

10

Compound Fracture

a brake in the bone, which occurs secondary to trauma or bone disease

11

compound fracture sign and symptoms

pain and muscle spams, Asymmetrical appearance of limb, numbness or tingling at affected site, loss function, edema and crepitus

12

compound fracture diagnostic/ medication

X-Ray will confirm fracture, medication include analgesics to control pain, antibiotics for open fracture