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1

What % of ovarian cancer is Serous Cystadenocarcinoma?

60 - 80% ovarian cancer cases

2

most common ovarian neoplasm

dermoids

AKA benign cystic terotoma

3

60 - 80% ovarian cancer cases

Serous Cystadenocarcinoma

4

leading cause of GYN death

Ovarian Carcinoma

5

What % of ovarian carcinoma patients are over 50?

80% women over 50

6

What percentage are first seen by doctor in late stage of Ovarian Carcinoma?

70%

7

With ovarian torsion how often is there a palpable mass on the ovary?

50%

8

What is the cause of 20 to 40% fertility problems?

tubal obstruction

9

What is the cut off size of follicles with fertility treatments?

16 mm

10

WHat makes up 80% of gestational trophoblastic Dz?

benign molar pregnancy

11

WHat makes up 15% of gestational trophoblastic Dz?

invasive mole

12

WHat makes up 5% of gestational trophoblastic Dz?

malignant choriocarcinoma

13

How often does a hydatidiform Mole occur?

1 in 1200-2000 pregnancies

14

How many normal cases of coexisting mole and fetus?

less than 30

15

What is the chance of malignant choriocarcinoma?

1 in 30,000 to 40,000

16

How many cases of malignant choriocarcinoma start from a molar pregnancy?

50%

17

malignant choriocarcinoma

molar preg - 50%

abortion - 25%

normal preg - 22%

ectopic - 3%

18

What percent of moles are complete?

80%

19

How many moles are benign?

95%

20

What is the heart rate in the early embryonic development (6 weeks)?

90 bpm

21

What is the heart rate mid trimester (9 weeks)?

170 bpm

22

after 12 weeks what is the heart rate?

120 - 160 bpm

23

How many sperm?

300 million

24

How many sperm enter vagina

1%

3000

25

How long a journey is the trip to the ovum?

10 hrs

26

What is the detection threshold for transabdominal U/S?

1800 miu/ml

27

What is the detection threshold for transvaginal U/S?

500 miu/ml

28

When does the primary yolk sac become the secondary yolk sac?

23 days

29

When the MSD is ____ the yolk sac should be seen.

> 10 mm

30

The normal diameter of the yolk sac should not exceed ____?

5.6 mm

31

yolk sac normal diameter?

4 mm

32

When does the amnion meet the chorion?

16 weeks

33

In early pregnancy how much does the gestational sac grow?

1 mm per day

34

What is very common in 20% to 50% patients of reproductive age?

fibroids

35

5% of malignancies of the uterus

sarcoma

36

How thick should the endometrium be during menstrual phase?

2-4 mm

37

What is the sonographic appearance of Endometrial Hyperplasia?

Premenopausal : 14 mm

Post menopausal : 8 mm

Sequentially stimulated: 15 mm

38

What percentage of ectopic pregnancies occur in the fallopian tubes?

95%

39

What percentage of ectopic pregnancies occur in the ovary?

0.5%

40

What percentage of ectopic pregnancies occur in the ampulla?

85%

41

What percentage of ectopic pregnancies occur in the isthimus?

5%

42

What percentage of ectopic pregnancies occur in the cervix?

1%

43

make up 10% of adnexal masses

para ovaian

44

Ultrasound is used to characterize a mass, what percent of simple cysts are benign?

97%

45

How many epithelial tumors are benign?

70%

46

2nd most common tumor of the ovaries

Serous Cystadenoma