NCLEX-RN Medications

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created 5 years ago by jenkarmata
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Kaplan Drug guide for NCLEX-RN
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1

cetirizine HCL

Allergy & Asthma medications:

Zyrtec

2

S/E:

Drowsiness, Fatigue, Dry mouth, Stomach pain, Diarrhea, vomiting

Nursing Considerations:

  • Relief of seasonal allergies & perennial allergic rhinitis caused by molds, animal dander
  • Avoid alcohol during therapy

cetirizine

3

fexofenadine

Allergy & Asthma medications: Antihistamine

Allegra

S/E:

  • Drowsiness, Dizziness
  • Diarrhea, Vomiting
  • Pain, swelling
  • Cough, dyspnea, hoarseness
  • Hives, Rash, Itiching
4

Nursing considerations:

  • Avoid alcohol, CNS depressants
  • Notify physician if taking erythromycin or ketoconazole (Nizoral)
  • Of taking aluminum mag antacid, take antacid a few hours before or after taking this medication

fexofenadine

5

hydroxyzine

Allergy & Asthma medications: Antihistamine

Anx, Atarax, Vistaril

S/E:

  • Drowsiness, dizziness, HA
  • Dry mouth, nose & throat
  • Reddening of skin
  • Chest congestion
6

Nursing considerations:

Tx:

  • pruritus, pre-op anxiety, post-op N/V
  • Potentiate opioid analgesics & Sedation

hydroxyzine

7

celecoxib

Analgesics: Nonopioid analgesics

Celebrex

  • Fatigue
  • Anxiety, depression, nervousness, Tachycardia
  • N/V, anorexia, back pain
  • Angioedema, Hives
  • Constipation & or dysuria, jaundice
8

Nursing considerations:

  1. Menstrual, acute, chronic arthritis pain
  2. Can take w/out regard to meals
  3. Increasing doses does not appear to increase effectiveness
  4. Do not take if allergic to sulfonamides, ASA, or NSAIDs

celecoxib

9

naproxen

Analgesics: Nonopioid analgesics

* Aleve (OTC), Anaprox, Anaprox DS, Naprelan, EC-Naprosyn, Naprosyn

  • GI bleed, blood dyscrasias, Jaundice
  • HA, Tinnitus, Vision changes,
  • Nausea, back pain, rash, angioedema, tachycardia
10

Nursing considerations:

  1. Mgmt of mild to moderate pain
  2. Tx- for gouty arthritis, osteoarthritis, RA, dysmenorrhea
  3. Hypersensitivity for those who have asthma or ASA sensitivity
  4. Contact dr. if blurred vision, ringing/roaring in ear= poss. toxicity
  5. Contact dr if black stools, flulike symptoms or changes in urinary pattern, edema, weight gain, blood in urine= poss. kidney damage
  6. Avoid use with ASA, steroids and alcohol
  7. May increase risk of MI or stroke

Analgesics: Nonopioid analgesics

naproxen

11

codeine

Analgesics: Opioid analgesics

*Codeine

S/E:

Drowsiness, sedation, respiratory depression, orthostatic hypotension, syncope & seizures

N/V, anorexia, constipation, dysuria

Hives, angioedema

12

Nursing considerations:

  1. Tx of moderate to severe pain & nonproductive cough
  2. Do not give if respiration's are <12 bpm
  3. Withdrawal symptoms may occur: N/V, cramps, fever, faintness, anorexia
  4. Physical dependency may result

codeine

13

hydrocodone bitartrate & acetaminophen

Analgesics: Opioid analgesics

* Lortab, Vicodin

S/E:

  • Dizziness, drowsiness, sedation, impaired mental & physical performance
  • Respiratory depression
  • Rash, pruritus
  • Constipation
14

Nursing considerations:

  1. For moderate to moderately severe pain
  2. If used w/CNS depressants and/or ETOH may result in addictive CNS depression
  3. May be habit forming
  4. Use w/caution with patients w/pulmonary considerations

Lortab / Vicodin

15

hydromorphoone

Analgesics: Opioid analgesics

Dilaudid

S/E

  • Drowsiness, sedation, resp. depression, orthostatic hypotension
  • HA, ↓ mental status
  • N/V, Constipation
  • Rash