CLEP U.S History II

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1

the ''Insular Cases''

Supreme Court cases in 1901 that ruled that Congress has the power to decide which U.S. laws do and do not apply to U.S. colonies

2

the Wilson-Gorman Tariff (1894)

it devastated the Cuban economy due to the heavy duties it imposed on Cuban sugar, ninety percent of which was exported to the U.S.

3

the Granger laws

were passed in Western U.S. states following the Civil War to regulate grain warehouse rates railroad freight rates

4

Schenk vs. U.S. (1919)

Supreme Court Case that ruled that limitations of freedoms of speech in wartimes were legitimate if the speech presented ''a clear and present danger'' to the public

5

Jane Addams

the founder of U.S. Settlement House Movement, co-founded the Hull House settlement house in a poor neighborhood in Chicago in 1889 in order to provide education, childcare, and cultural opportunities for immigrants.

6

Edward Bellamy (1850-1898)

a U.S. writer who believed that a Socialist state would solve the numerous problems in society that came from the maldistribution of wealth in the U.S. capitalist system

7

United States vs. E.C. Knight Company

1894 Supreme Court case that: affirmed that Congress held exlusive power over interstate commerce, diminished the effectiveness of the 1890 Sherman Anti-Trust Act, and stated that Congress could not regulate manufacturing because this industry was not interstate commerce

8

the Securities and Exchange Comission

was created in 1934 to regulate Wall Street and the stock market

9

Senator Lodge

was highly opposed to the Treaty of Versailles; he led a group of Republican Senators who agreed to ratify the treaty if only the majorityof the treaty was altered.

10

the Teller Amendment

stated that when the U.S. defeated Spanish occupants in Cuba, America would not annex Cuba but would instead give Cubans freedom and independent control of their affairs

11

the Hepburn Act of 1906

granted the Interstate Commerce Commision the authority to set maximum railroad rates and resulted in the discontinuation preferential treatment, such as railroads giving free passes to corporations who shipped freight frequently

12

the Foraker Act of 1900

a U.S. law that established American control and a civilian government on the island of Puerto Rico; islanders were granted U.S. citizenship in 1917

13

the Pendleton Act of 1883

mandated placement of workers in government jobs solely on the basis of merit, were passed as a result of the assassination of President Garfield by a man claiming to be an anarchist

14

Frances Perkins

Secretary of labor, became first female to hold a cabinet positionin in 1933

15

the Jones Act (1916)

provided the Philippines a more autonomous government to prepare the territory for future independence

16

the Taft-Katsursa Agreement (1905)

the U.S. recognized Japanese spheres of influence in Korea and Japan recognized the U.S.'s interests in the Philippines

17

the McKinley Tariff of 1890

set the average ad valorem (tax rate based on value of real estate or personal property) tariff rates for imports into the U.S. at 48.4%, in order to protect American agriculture

18

J.D. Salinger

author of The Catcher in the Rye

19

the Casablanca Conference in 1943

the leaders of the Allied powers agreed that the war would continue until the ''unconditional surrender'' of Germany and Japan

20

the goal of the Marshall Plan

was to increase the economies of the European states in order to undercut Communist influence and provide markets for U.S. goods in Europe

21

the Warsaw Pact

was established by the Soviets in response to West Germany joining NATO in 1955

22

the Containment policy

described ways of opposing the Soviet Union's--and others nations'--Communist influence around the world

23

the Dawes Plan

following the first World War was a way to outline a way for the Allies to collect war reparations debt from Germany

24

Palmer vs. Thompson

was a 1971 U.S. Supreme Court case that ruled that segregated swimming pools were unconstitutional