Human Anatomy

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1

Comparative Anatomy

examines the similarities and difference in anatomy of different species

2

Developmental Anatomy

Study of the structure within an individual from conception through maturity

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Embryology

Study of developing changes occurring prior to birth

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Regional Anatomy

Study of structure within a single region i.e. head and neck or abdomen

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Surface Anatomy

Study of internal structures as their locations relate to regions of skin or other surface markings

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Systemic Anatomy

Study of structure involved with a specific activity such as digestion or reproduction

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Characteristics of Living Organisms

1. Organization

2. Metabolism

3. Growth and Dev

4. Respnsiveness

5. Adaptation

6. Responsiveness

7. Reproduction

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Skeletal System

Provides support and protection; site of hemopoesis, stores calcium and phosphorus, provides sites for attachments.

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Muscular System

Provides body mvmt; generates heat when muscles contract

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Integumentary System

Provides protection, regulates body temp, site of cutanenous receptos, synthesizes vitamin D, and prevents water loss

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Nervous System

A reg. system that controls body movement, responds to sensory stimuli, and helps control all other systems in the body. Also responsible for conciousness, intelligence, and memory

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Endocrine System

Consists of glands and cell clusters that secrete hormones, some of which regulate body and cellular growth, chemical levels in the body, and reproductive function.

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Cardiovascular System

Consist of the heart (pump), blood, and blood vessels. the heart moves blood thru blood vessels in order to distribute hormones, nutrients, and gases, and pick up waste products.

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Lymphatic System

Transports and filters lymphs (interstital fluids transported thru lymph vessels) and initiates an immune response when necessary

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Respiratoy System

Responsible for exchange of gases btwen blood and the air in lungs

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Digestive System

Mechanically and chemically digest food materials, absorbs nutrients, and expels wate products

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Male Reproductive System

Produces male sex cells (sperm), male hormones, and transfers the sperm to the female.

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Female Reproductive System

produces female sex cells (oocytes) and female hormones i.e. estrogen and progesterone. Receives the sperms from males

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Urinary System

Filters the blood and Removes waste products from the blood. Concentrates waste products in the form of urine and expels urine from the body.