Medical Terminology 350 Lesson 5

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Word roots and terminals
updated 6 years ago by Ms_Brock
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1

ovar-

Egg (egg, the female reproductive cell)

Paired female reproductive organ (ovary) that produces eggs, female hormones

Audionym: over

See the overturned egg and an egg being turned over!

2

-centesis

Puncture

Surgical puncture or incision, usu. for the purpose of drainage

Audionym: cent

See the cent being punctured!

3

oto-

Ear

Audionym: "O" toe

See the "O" toe with an ear growing out of it!

4

bili-

Bile

Gall; a thick, sticky yellowish or greenish fluid secreted by liver, flowing into intestines to be mixed with gastric juices to aid digestion, part. in breaking down fats

Audionym: bill

See the bills in a high pile!

5

squam-

Scale

Scale or plate-like structure

Audionym: squaw

See the squaw sitting on a scale bursting out of it!

6

mening-

Membrane

Membranes covering brain, spinal cord

Audionym: managing

See the woman managing men's brains!

7

cec-

Blind passage

Audionym: seek

See the person seeking a passage while blindfolded!

8

macul-

Spot

Blotch; spotty or blotchy discoloration, esp. of the skin

Audionym: Mack (truck)

See the Mack a passage while blindfolded!

9

-pexy

Suspension

Audionym: pecks egg

See the bird that pecks the egg while suspended in the air!

10

onco-

Tumor, mass, swelling

Audionym: uncle

See the image of uncle and see two more!

11

or-

Mouth

The mouth; body structure bounded at front by lips and containing tongue, teeth

Audionym: seek

See the oar with a mouth on it!

12

sub-

Under

Beneath, below, less than needed or usual

Audionym: submarine

See the submarine sandwich under the water!

13

spiro-

Coil, winding, or twisting

Audionym: sparrow

See the sparrow made of coils!

14

lacrim-

Tear, tears of the eye

Audionym: lake rim

See the lake rim with a gigantic tear on it!

15

viscero-

Organ

An internal organ or internal organs of body esp. those located in thoracic and abdominal cavities, e.g., heart, liver, intestines, lungs, etc.

Audionym: vice row

See the person on the vice rowing with organs!

16

lact-

Milk

Fluid secretion of gland of breast in female forming natural food of infants

Audionym: lacquer

See the image of lacquer and see milk being used instead!

17

onych-

Nail, claw

Fingernail, toenail

Audionym: onyx (black gemstone)

See the onyx ring with a nail and a claw stuck it it!

18

thorac-

Chest

The part of the body located between neck and abdomen, supported by cage-like structure formed by ribs

Audionym: throw rack

See the person throwing a rack with a treasure chest hanging on it!

19

pyle-, pyloro-

Gate

An opening, a passage

Audionym: pie

See the pie with a gate on it!

20

vesic-

Bladder

Urinary bladder

Audionym: vest sick

See the vest that is sick. It is made of a bladder!

21

sphenic-

Wedge, wedge-shaped

Audionym: sphinx (lion with man's head)

See the sphinx shaped like a wedge!

22

myel-

Marrow, spinal cord

Soft inner part of bone; cable-like tissue enclosed in canal or tube formed by bones of spine (vertebrae)

Audionym: mile (mile sign)

See the mile sign supported by a narrow spinal cord!

23

anti-

Against

Opposing; counteracting (acting against); inhibiting; preventing; suppressing; neutralizing or destroying; relieving

Audionym: ant eye

See the ant's eye against the rock!

24

myco-

Fungus

Relating to infection with a fungus (a kind of plant that can form a destructive pathogen [disease producer] in humans, other animals

Audionym: my comb

See "my comb" covered with fungus!

25

hallux

Great Toe

Audionym: hall "X"

See the hall shaped like an "X" with a great toe at the ends of each hall!

26

-es

plural ending similar to -s BUT NOT interchangeable

Suffix/Word Terminal, noun

27

-id

pertaining to; "being"

Suffix/Word Terminal, adj., noun

28

-ness

state, quality; instance of being

Suffix/Word Terminal, noun

29

-us

used to form the name of a thing from a word root

Suffix/Word Terminal, noun