The Southwest Chapter 9
steep, flat-topped hill
a brick made out of mud and straw
a Spanish priest
when water is brought to a field by ditches or pipes
group of people who live in the Southwest. (also the name for their villages)
What crop played an important role in the Pueblo culture?
Name some ways corn was important to the Pueblo people.
They ate it at every meal.
They had songs and legends about corn.
Their artwork included corn.
Their religion was based on corn.(tribal dances, ceremonies)
How were the pueblo people careful with their use of water?
They used irrigation.
They planted near mesas.
They planted seeds deeply in the soil.
What helped the Pueblo become powerful and wealthy people?
Why did the Spanish come to the Southwest?
looking for gold
What legends did the Spanish hear about gold?
There was a city of gold called Cibola.
What kind of church did the Spanish want to introduce to the Pueblo?
What types of things did the Spanish teach the Pueblo?
how to use plows and other tools
introduced new crops (peas,onions,watermelons) and animals
Name 2 things the Spanish brought from Europe that changed the Southwest.
Long horned cattle
Who turned the people from farming to ranching?
Name 4 things cattle were raised for on the early ranches.
the first cowboys
What was necessary for successful ranching?
What did Mexico do in 1821?
allowed settlers from the easter US to buy land in the Southwest
How did Texas become a state?
settlers fought a battle for independence against Mexico
How did ranchers get their cattle?
from round-ups of the wild herds
Why was the southwest good for ranching?
It had large areas of dry, grazing land.
a sudden rush of cattle.
What happened in a cattle-drive?
ranchers drove their cattle north to meet the railroads
What moved the cattle to areas in the east?
What 2 cities grew up due to cattle drives?
Why did the people in the east want to buy cattle from the southwest? What did they give the southwest people?
They wanted it for meat. They gave them money.
Name 2 things that ended the cattle drive.
settlers put up fences
railroads reached the southwest