The Southwest Chapter 9

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1
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Mesa

steep, flat-topped hill

2
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adobe

a brick made out of mud and straw

3

padre

a Spanish priest

4
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Irrigation

when water is brought to a field by ditches or pipes

5
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pueblo

group of people who live in the Southwest. (also the name for their villages)

6

What crop played an important role in the Pueblo culture?

corn

7

Name some ways corn was important to the Pueblo people.

They ate it at every meal.

They had songs and legends about corn.

Their artwork included corn.

Their religion was based on corn.(tribal dances, ceremonies)

8

How were the pueblo people careful with their use of water?

They used irrigation.

They planted near mesas.

They planted seeds deeply in the soil.

9

What helped the Pueblo become powerful and wealthy people?

Trade (corn)

10

Why did the Spanish come to the Southwest?

looking for gold

11

What legends did the Spanish hear about gold?

There was a city of gold called Cibola.

12

What kind of church did the Spanish want to introduce to the Pueblo?

Catholic church

13

What types of things did the Spanish teach the Pueblo?

new customs

how to use plows and other tools

introduced new crops (peas,onions,watermelons) and animals

14

Name 2 things the Spanish brought from Europe that changed the Southwest.

Horses

Long horned cattle

15

Who turned the people from farming to ranching?

Padre Kino

16

Name 4 things cattle were raised for on the early ranches.

food

leather

soap

candles

17

vaqueros

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the first cowboys

18

What was necessary for successful ranching?

land

water

19

What did Mexico do in 1821?

allowed settlers from the easter US to buy land in the Southwest

20

How did Texas become a state?

settlers fought a battle for independence against Mexico

21

How did ranchers get their cattle?

from round-ups of the wild herds

22

Why was the southwest good for ranching?

It had large areas of dry, grazing land.

23

Stampede

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a sudden rush of cattle.

24

What happened in a cattle-drive?

ranchers drove their cattle north to meet the railroads

25

What moved the cattle to areas in the east?

railroads

26

What 2 cities grew up due to cattle drives?

Abilene

Dodge City

27

Why did the people in the east want to buy cattle from the southwest? What did they give the southwest people?

They wanted it for meat. They gave them money.

28

Name 2 things that ended the cattle drive.

settlers put up fences

railroads reached the southwest