Medical Terminology 350 Lesson 1

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1

-ic, -al, -ac

Pertaining to

2

-ical

Combination of -ic and -al

Pertaining to

3

-y

Act or result of an action

Condition or quality

4

-ia

Disease; unhealthy state or condition

5

-um

Noun ending used to form the name of a thing from a root

6

-is

Used to form the name of a thing from a word root

Noun ending (i.e., is makes a name of something--a body part)

For example, add -is to derm to make dermis (skin)

7

aden-

Gland

See a den with glands hanging on the wall.

Audionym: a den

8

angi-

Vessels (blood vessels), ducts, canals, tubes that transport fluids through the body

See an angel covered with blood vessels.

Audionym: angel

9

arthr-

Joint

See art with joints all over it!

Audionym: art

10

blephar-

Eyelid

See the lady wearing a blue fur covered with eyelids!

Audionym: blue fur

11

-oma

Tumor

See the children saying, "Oh, Ma! two more!"

Audionym: Oh Ma

12

gastr-

Stomach

See the gas truck with a stomach for a tank!

Audionym: gas truck

13

cardi-

Heart

See the people playing cards with real live hearts!

Audionym: card

14

megal-

Enlarged

See my gal as the most enlarged gal in the world!

Audionym: my gal

15

-itis

Inflammation

See the teacher saying, "I test" as she stands in flames!

Audionym: I test

16

-dermat

Skin

See the doormat made of skin!

Audionym: doormat

17

plast-

Surgical repair

See the tube of plastic cement with a surgeon coming out to repair something!

Audionym: plastic (plastic cement)

18

cerebr-

Brain

See the zebra with a brain for a head!

Audionym: zebra

19

path-

Disease

See the path covered with daisies!

Audionym: daisies

20

-ectomy

Surgical removal

See the exit Tommy is surgically removing!

Audionym: exit Tommy

21

enter-

Small intestine

See the enter sign with intestines all over it!

Audionym: enter (enter sign)

22

-osis

Any condition, usually abnormal

See "Oh, Sis!" holding the air-conditioner!

Audionym: Oh Sis

23

-otomy

Cut into

See Tommy's mother saying, "Oh, Tommy! You cut into the wall!"

Audionym: Oh Tommy

24

nephr-

Kidney

See the nephew, a kid on my knee!

Audionym: nephew

25

hepat-

Liver

See the man as he pats the liver!

Audionym: he pat

26

-ologist

Expert, specialist, practitioner

See the man with the hollow chest for books: He is a sp ecialist!

Audionym: hollow chest

27

rhin-

Nose

See the rhinoceros with a human nose growing on it!

Audionym: rhinoceros

28

gingiv-

Gum

See the gingerbread man with gum stuck to him!

Audionym: gingerbread (man)

29

-malacia

Soft, softening

See the image of my late show, a TV that is very soft!

Audionym: my late show

30

-ology

The study of

See the hollow cheese with the people making a study of it!

Audionym: hollow cheese

31

spasm

Involuntary contraction

See the spaceman being forced to sign an involuntary contract!

Audionym: spaceman