Social Development: CH 12 Terms

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Social Development
Chapter 12
DEP 4095- Final
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1

Proactive Aggression

behaviour in which a person is hurt or injured by someone who is motivated by a desire to achieve a specific goal

2

Reactive Aggression

a form of hostile behaviour in response to an attack, threat, frustration, usually motivated by anger

3

Physical Aggression

a form of hostile behaviour that inflicts physical damage or discomfort

4

Verbal Aggression

words that inflict pain by yelling, insulting, ridiculing, humiliating, and so on

5

Social Aggression

making verbal attacks or hurtful nonverbal gestures, such as rolling eyes or sticking out your tongue

6

Relational Aggression

behaviour that damages or destroys interpersonal relationships by means such as exclusion or gossip

7

Direct Aggression

physical or verbal hostile behaviour that directly targets another

8

Indirect Aggression

hostile behaviour committed by an unidentified perpetrator that hurts another person by indirect means, like destroying their property

9

Early Starters

children who start to behave aggressively at a young age and remain aggressive though childhood and adolescence

10

Late Starters

children who begin to act aggressively in adolescence and tend not to continue their aggressive behaviour in adulthood

11

Serotonin

neurotransmitter that regulates endocrine glands, alters attention and emotions, and is linked to aggression

12

Deviancy Training

amplification of aggression that occurs when adolescents are with and learn from aggressive peers

13

Hostile Attribution Bias

tendency to interpret neutral or ambiguous social behaviour of another person as being hostile

14

Bullying

use of aggression against weaker individuals to gain status or power

15

Victimization

the process of being threatened or harmed on a consistent basis by a more powerful peer

16

Cyberbullying

using threats, embarrassment or humiliation against a victim with some form of interactive digital medium

17

Catharsis

discharging aggressive impulses by engaging in actual or symbolic hostile acts