Social Development: CH 8 Terms
make-believe activity in which objects are used symbolically. Peeks at 6 years old
interaction in which very young children are doing the same thing, side-by-side, but are not engaged with each other. Common in 2-year-olds, diminishes at age 3+.
interaction in which younger children share toys, materials, and sometimes conversation, but are not engaged in a joint action
interaction in which children share goals and work together to achieve them. Increases as kids age.
the process by which people evaluate their own abilities, values, and other qualities by comparing themselves with others.
a procedure for determining a child’s status within his or her peer group. Measures their acceptance and rejection.
Children liked by very many peers, and disliked by few
Children that have some friends but are not as well liked as popular kids
Children that are socially isolated; not necessarily disliked and have few friends
Children that are liked by many peers, but also disliked by many peers
Children that are disliked by many, liked by very few
ratings of how well a child is liked by his peers made by their teachers, parents, and other children
Rejected children who are not accepted by their peers because of their low levels of self-control and high level of aggression. High extraversion-surgency, and very impulsive
Rejected children who are excluded and tend to be anxious, withdrawn and socially unskilled. They have an Inhibited temperament, and low extraversion-surgency.
socially reticent children
Neglected children that watch others from afar and remain unocuppied on the sidelines
unsociable/socially uninterested children
Neglected children that prefer to play alone
mutual dislike between two people
tendency to interpret peers’ behaviour on the basis of past encounters and feelings about them.
the tendency of individuals to associate and bond with others who are similar.
adverse or detrimental information shared about another child with a peer
the honest sharing of information of a very personal nature, often with a focus on problem solving; a central means by which adolescents and others develop friendships.
The 5 groups-types of friendship patterns
(1) Rotation Group (2) Growth Group (3) Decline Group (4) Static Group (5) Friendless Group
Peer Group Network
cluster of peer acquaintances who are familiar with and interact with one another at different times for common play or task-oriented purposes
an ordering of individuals in group from most to least dominant, or "pecking order."
a peer group formed on the basis of friendship
a collection of people whom others have stereotyped on the basis of their perceived shared attributes
group of adolescents or adults who form an allegiance for a common purpose. Encouraging stereotyping