MOR 366 - Funeral Pathology - Lesson 2.1

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DMACC Mortuary Science Ankeny, IA
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1

Malignant

Cancerous growths; harmful; potentially producing death.

2

Neoplasm

A tumor or abnormal clump of tissue that may be benign or malignant.

3

Benign

Not recurrent or progressive; nonmalignant

4

Chemotherapy

Drug therapy used to treat infections, cancers, and other diseases and conditions.

5

Radiation

Ionizing rays used for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes.

6

Epithelial tissue

The layer of cells forming the epidermis of the skin and the surface layer of mucous and serous membranes.

7

Adenoma

A benign tumor made of glandular epithelial cells, usually arranged like a gland.

8

Papilloma

A benign epithelial tumor.

9

Polyp

A benign tumor with stemmed growth from the mucous membranes of nasal and/or intestinal area, which is a form of papilloma that grows with a stem from underlying tissue.

10

Connective tissue

Tissue that supports and connects other tissues and parts of the body.

11

Osteoma

A benign bony tumor.

12

Chondroma

A slow-growing, painless cartilaginous tumor.

13

Lipoma

A benign fatty tumor.

14

Hemangioma

A benign tumor of blood vessels.

15

Fibroma

A benign tumor of fibrous connective tissue.

16

Muscle tissue

A type of tissue composed of contractile cells.

17

Myoma

A benign tumor of muscle tissue.

18

Rhabdomyoma

A striated muscular tissue tumor.

19

Leiomyoma

A benign tumor consisting principally of smooth muscle.

20

Neuroma

Benign tumor composed of nerve cells.

21

Melanoma

A malignant tumor of darkly pigmented cells (melanocytes) that often arises in a brown or black mole.

22

Squamous cell carcinoma

Carcinoma that develops primarily from stratified epithelium.

23

Adenocarcinoma

A malignant tumor that originates in glandular epithelial tissues.

24

Transitional cell carcinoma

A carcinoma that originates in cells that line the urinary tract.

25

Osteosarcoma

A sarcoma composed of bony tissue.

26

Chondrosarcoma

A cartilaginous sarcoma.

27

Liposarcoma

A malignant tumor derived from embryonal fat cells.

28

Lymphangiosarcoma

A malignant neoplasm of lymphatic vessels.

29

Hemangiosarcoma

A malignant neoplasm originating from blood vessels.

30

Fibrosarcoma

A spindle-celled sarcoma containing a large amount of fibrous connective tissue.

31

Lymphoma (lymphosarcoma)

A malignant neoplasm originating from lymphocytes.

32

Myosarcoma

A malignant tumor derived from muscle tissue.

33

Rhabdomyosarcoma

A malignant neoplasm originating in skeletal muscle.

34

Leiomyosarcoma

A malignant tumor consisting principally of smooth muscle.

35

Glioma

A neoplasm or tumor composed of neuroglial cells.

36

Cyst

A closed sac or pouch with a definite wall, containing fluid, semifluid, or solid material.

37

Ovarian cyst

A fluid-filled cyst that develops in the ovary and consists of one or more chambers.

38

Sebaceous cyst

A cyst of a sweat gland.

39

Cachexia

A state of ill health, malnutrition, and wasting.

40

Hemorrhage

Loss of blood; escape of blood from the vascular system.

41

angio

Blood or lymph vessels.

42

angioplasty

Any endovascular procedure that reopens narrowed blood vessels and restores forward blood flow. Most often angioplasties are performed on coronary, carotid, or peripheral arteries occluded by atherosclerosis.

43

Bacillary Dysentery

Diarrheal illness caused by bacterial infections of the colon.

44

Bedsores

Damage to the skin or underlying structures from compression of tissue and inadequate perfusion.

45

Breast cancer

A malignant neoplasm (usually an adenocarcinoma) of the breast.

46

Carcinoma

A malignancy of epithelial tissue.

47

Carcinoma of the bladder

A malignancy that arises in the cells of the urinary bladder.

48

Carcinoma of the kidney

A carcinoma that arises from the proximal tubular cells of the kidney.

49

Carcinoma of the prostate

A malignant tumor (almost always an adenocarcinoma) of the prostate gland.

50

Cervical cancer

A malignant neoplasm of the cervix of the uterus.

51

Dermoid cysts

A nonmalignant cystic tumor containing elements derived from the ectoderm, such as hair, teeth, or skin.

52

Hematoma

A blood blister; A tumor-like swelling of blood.

53

Lymphangioma

A benign tumor composed of lymphatic vessels.

54

Lymphoma (Hodgkin)

A malignant lymphoma whose pathological hallmark is the Reed-Sternberg (RS) cell.

55

Lymphoma (Non Hodgkin)

Any of a group of malignant tumors of B or T lymphocytes.

56

Malignant melanoma

A malignant tumor of darkly pigmented cells (melanocytes) that often arises in a brown or black mole.

57

Melanocytic nevus

Any nevus that contains melanocytes.

58

Metastasis

Movement of bacteria or body cells (esp. cancer cells) from one part of the body to another.

59

Neurolagia

Supporting tissue of nerve cells.

60

Oncology

The study of neoplasms and tumors.

61

Prostate carcinoma

A malignant tumor (almost always an adenocarcinoma) of the prostate gland.

62

Prostate gland

The gland in the male that surrounds the neck of the bladder and the urethra.

63

Sarcoma

Common ending for malignancies of connective, muscular, and nervous tissue.

64

Testicular carcinoma

Any of a group of testicular cancers.

65

Vascular nevus

Birth mark usually purplish in color.