U.S Gov't Chapter 5 Terms Flashcards


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Dr.Drew
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1

Equal rights, or Civil rights

The right of every person to equal protection under the laws and to equal access to society's opportunities and public facilities.

2

Equal-protection Clause

A clause of the Fourteenth Amendment that forbids any state to deny equal protection of the laws to any individual within its jurisdiction.

3

Reasonable-basis test

A test applied by courts to laws that treat individuals unequally. Such a law may be deemed constitutional if its purpose is held to be "reasonably" related to a legitimate government interest.

4

Strict-scrutiny Test

A test applied by courts to laws that attempt a racial or an ethnic classification. In effect, the strict-ethnicity as a legal classification when it places minority-group members at a disadvantage.

5

Suspect Classifications

Legal classifications, such as rare and national origin, that have invidious discrimination as their purpose and therefore are unconstitutional.

6

Affirmative Action

Refers to programs designed to ensure that women, minorities, and other traditionally disadvantaged groups have full and equal opportunities in employment, education, and other areas of life.

7

De Jure Discrimination

Discrimination on the basis of race, sex, religion, ethnicity, and the like that results from a law.

8

De Facto Discrimination

Discrimination on the basis of race, sex, religion, ethnicity, and the like that results from social, economic, and cultural biases and conditions.