Ch 16 Vocabulary
Orientations that locate objects of thought on dimensions of judgement.
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others' behavior, and their own behavior.
A paradoxical social phenomenon in which people are less likely to provide needed help when they are in groups than when they are alone.
The medium through which a message is sent.
Transitions in youngsters' patterns of thinking, including reasoning, remembering, and problem solving.
Putting group goals ahead of personal goals and defining one's identity in terms of the groups one belongs to.
An intent to maintain a relationship in spite of the difficulties and costs that may arise.
Warm, trusting, tolerant affection for another whose life is deeply intertwined with one's own.
The tendency for people to yield to real or imagined social pressure.
The tendency to blame victims for their misfortune, so that one feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way.
Behaving differently, usually unfairly, toward the members of a group.
Ascribing the causes of behavior to situational demands and environmental constraints.
Getting people to agree to a small request to increase the chance that they will agree to a larger request later.
Fundamental attribution error
Observers' bias in favor of internal attributions in explaining others' behavior.
Two or more individuals who interact and are interdependent.
The strength of the liking relationships linking group members to each other and to the group itself.
A phenomenon that occurs when group discussion strengthens a group's dominant point of view and produces a shift toward a more extreme decision in that direction.
A process in which members of a cohesive group emphasize concurrence at the expense of critical thinking in arriving at a decision.
A misperception that occurs when people estimate that they have encountered more confirmations of an association between social traits than they have actually seen.
Putting personal goals ahead of group goals and defining one's identity in terms of personal attributes rather than group memberships.
The group that people belong to and identify with.
Ascribing the causes of behavior to personal dispositions, traits, abilities, and feelings.
Positive feelings toward another.
Warmth, closeness, and sharing in a relationship.
Getting someone to commit to an attractive proposition before revealing the hidden costs.
The idea that males and females of approximately equal physical attractiveness are likely to select each other as partners.
The information transmitted by a source.
A form of compliance that occurs when people follow direct commands, usually from someone in a position of authority.
People who are not part of the ingroup.
A complete absorption in another that includes tender sexual feelings and the agony and ecstasy of intense emotion.
The process of forming impressions of others.
A negative attitude held toward members of a group.
The person to whom a message is sent.
Liking those who show that they like you.
the rule that people should pay back in kind what they receive from others.
The tendency to attribute one's successes to personal factors and one's failures to situational factors.
A reduction in effort by individuals when they work in groups as compared to when they work by themselves.
The branch of psychology concerned with the way individuals' thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influenced by others.
Widely shared expectations about how people in certain positions are supposed to behave.
Organized clusters of ideas about categories of social events and people.
The person who sends a communication.
Widely held beliefs that people have certain characteristics because of their membership in a particular group.