Adult Health I

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created 7 years ago by sandra_tripp
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book cover
Medical-surgical Nursing
Chapters 68-71
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1

What are the regulatory functions of the kidneys?

Glomerular filtration

Tubular reabsorption

Tubular secretion

2

What do the regulatory functions do?

maintain fluid, electrolyte and acid/base balance

3

What particles are too large to pass through the glomerular capillary walls and therefore should not be seen in the urine?

Blood and proteins (albumin)

4

How much glomerular filtrate is formed from the blood each day?

180 Liters of glomerular filtrate is formed each day

5

How much glomerular filtrate is excreted each day?

1-3 Liters each day

6

What are the hormonal functions of the kidneys?

Renin

Prostaglandins

Bradykinin

Erythropoietin

Vitamin D

7

Raises blood pressure, forms angiotensin and potent vasoconstrictor

Renin

8

Regulates intra-renal blood flow

Prostaglandins

9

Release in response to angiotensin II, dilates arterioles and increases permeability

Bradykinin

10

Released in response to decreased O2, increases RBC production in bone marrow

Erythropoietin

11

Converted to active form in the kidney

Vitamin D