Adult Health I
What are the regulatory functions of the kidneys?
What do the regulatory functions do?
maintain fluid, electrolyte and acid/base balance
What particles are too large to pass through the glomerular capillary walls and therefore should not be seen in the urine?
Blood and proteins (albumin)
How much glomerular filtrate is formed from the blood each day?
180 Liters of glomerular filtrate is formed each day
How much glomerular filtrate is excreted each day?
1-3 Liters each day
What are the hormonal functions of the kidneys?
Raises blood pressure, forms angiotensin and potent vasoconstrictor
Regulates intra-renal blood flow
Release in response to angiotensin II, dilates arterioles and increases permeability
Released in response to decreased O2, increases RBC production in bone marrow
Converted to active form in the kidney