Endocrine system and special senses

Helpfulness: 0
Set Details Share
created 6 years ago by tiffeney
151 views
updated 6 years ago by tiffeney
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

Luteinizing hormes

Stimulates ovulation in females and testosterone production in males

2

a. adrenocorticotropic hormone

Stimulate adrenal glands to secrete Cortisol

3

Antidiuretichonnone(ADH):

Stimulates kidneys to reabsorb water, which decreases urine output

4

Calcitonin

Calcium is deposited to bone matrix lowering blood

levels of calcium

5

Epinephrine and norepinephrine

Increases heart rate and causes vasoconstriction to nonessential organs

6

Estrogen

Causes development of secondary sex characteristics -

egg production implantation

7

Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH):

Stimulates development of the follicle and estrogen production in females

and sperm production in males

8

Glucagon

Stimulates liver to breakdown glycogen to glucose (raises blood sugar levels)

9

glucocorticoids

Promote normal cell metabolism, in periods of long-term stress fats and Proteins are converted to glucose or broken down for energy

10

growth hormone

Stimulates body growth

11

Hormone secreted by parathyroid

parathyroid hormone

12

Hormone secreted from the Pituitary Gland

Hormone luteinizing Hormone Oxytocin Adrenocortitroptiic

HormoneThyroid stimulating hormone

13

Hormones from thyroid

Calcitonin Thyroid stimulating hormone

14

Hormones secreted from the adrenal gland:

Glucocorticoids,Epinephrine,norepinephrine,Minerlocorticoids

15

Hormones secreted from the ovaries

Progesterone, Estrogen

16

Hormones secreted from the pancreas

Glucagon, Insulin

17

how do eyes focus for distance and reading

reading extrensic eye muscles contract for distance they relax

18

Insulin

Stimulates body cells to take up glucose from the blood

and the liver makes glycogen {lowers blood sugar

levels)

19

know the external eye structures and their function

Eyelids protect from debris and drying out,eyebrows and eyelashes for protection

20

mineralocorticoids (like aldosterone)

Kidneys save sodium and eliminate potassium causing water to be retained which increases blood pressure

21

oxytocin

stimulate contractions of the uterus during labor and initiates milk ejection from breast

22

parathyroid hormone

stimulates osteoclasts to break down bone matrix releasing calcium which increases blood calcium levels

23

progesteron

thickens the uterine lining

24

prolactin

stimulates milk production in female (lactation)

25

testosterone

causes development of secondary sex characteristics and sperm production

26

Thyroid hormone thyroxin

stimulates cells to use glucose for energy sets the basal metabolic rate

27

thyroid stimulating hormone

stimulates the thyroid gland to secret thyroxine

28

what two lobes does the vestibucular go to

the cerebral and temporal

29

what antibody does blood type AB have

none

30

what antibodys does blood type B have

Antibody A

31

what antibodys does type A have

Antibody B

32

what antibody does type O have

Antibodys A and B

33

what are the controlling craniel nerves for the extrensic eye muscle

abducens,oculomotor and troclear and involves the occipital lobe of the brain

34

what are the external eye structures

eyelids,eyebrows and eyelashes

35

what are the layers of the eye wal

outer layer is fibrous, vascular is the middle layer and sensory is the inner layer

36

what are the most numerous white blood cells

neutrophil

37

what are the three regions of the vasular layer

the chorid , cilary body and iris

38

what causes hyperopia and how is it solved

muscles due to old age stiffen or short eyeball causes farsightedness and convex lenses are used to correct

39

what causes myopia and how is it solved

eyeballs are too short and causing nearsighteness and concave lenses correct

40

what cranial nerves are involved in special senses

optic, occulomotor and troclear are for sight, vestibulochochlear is for hearing and glossopharyngeal is for taste

41

what do cones do

fire in bright light and help view color

42

what does extrensic eye muscles do

six muscles per eye contract and move eyeball within socket

43

what do rods do

fire in dim light to help with night vision, grey tones and peripheral vision

44

what happens when eyes are dilated

radial muscles contract circular muscles are relaxed

45

what is attached to the lens

the ciliary body

46

What does conjunctive do

forms lining of eyelid covers surface of eyeball, secretes mucus to moisten eyes

47

What is Lacrimal Apparatus

lacrimal glands and associated ducts

48

what is the function of Lacrimal apparuts

produces tears which sweep away debris from eye surface with blinking

49

the sclera is what part of the eye

white part of the eye and part of the fibrous tunic

50

what is the cornea

the clear portion of the eye and part of the fibrous tunic

51

what does the ciliary body do

changes shape of the lens and contains smooth muscles

52

what is the iris

pigmented ring of color contains radial and circular smooth muscles that control the amount of light entering the eye

53

what does the intrinsic muscles of the cilary body do for distance vision

relaxes

54

when the cilary body relaxes what happens to the lens

becomes thin

55

What does the intrinsic muscles of the cilary body do for reading

contract

56

what happens to the intrinsic muscle when reading

lens becomes thick

57

What happens to the radial or longitudinal muscles when pupils dilate

they contract during dim light

58

what does the retina contain

rod and cone cells

59

Where does equilibrium travel

travels thru the vestibulcular coclear nerve to the cerebellum

60

What two types of chemical compounds are hormones derived from?

Fats (steroid) and Proteins (amino acids)

61

what does Hypersecretion or hyposecretion of a hormone
cause

a loss homeostasis

62

hormones secreted from the pituitary gland

Antidiuretic Hormone,Prolactin,Growth Hormone
Follicle-stimulating Hormone,Luteinzing Hormone
OxytoxinAdrenocorticotropic Hormone
Thyroid-stimulating Hormone

63

hormone secreted from pancreas

Glucagon
Insulin

64

hormone secreted from the ovaries

Progesterone
Estrogen

65

hormones secreted from the thyroid

Calcitonin
Thyroid Hormone (Thyroxine)

66

hormone secreted from adrenal gland

Glucocorti,Epinephrine/Norepinephrine,
Mineralocorticords

67

funtion of the endocrine system

Regulates the functions of most body organs and tissues
Help the body maintain homeostasis

68

sour recepters respond to

acids

69

sweet recepters respond to

sugars

70

physiology of taste buds

Chemicals in food ore dissolved in saliva
Gustatory cells fire an impulse
Impulses travel (Cranial nerve facial and glossophryngeal to the parietal lobe of the cerebrum (Gustatory
cortex)

71

smell anatomy

Olfactory receptor cells located
in the roof of each nasal cavity
Olfactory hairs (cilia) on receptor
cells extend into nasal mucus
layer

72

smell physiology

Chemicals in air are dissolved in
mucus Olfactory cells fire an impulse
Impulses travel to olfactory nerve to the temporal lobe of cerebrum

73

anterior segment

contains aqueous humor

74

Posterior segment

contains vitreous humor