We The People: Thomas Patterson- Chapter 11: Vocabulary Definitions
People residing in an incumbent's state or district.
Federal spending projects.
Practice in which incumbents respond to constituents' individual requests.
Race without an incumbent; often brings out a strong candidate from each party and involves heavy spending.
Process during which all 435 seats of the House of Representatives are reallocated among the states in proportion to their population.
Process that involves redrawing House election districts.
Process during which the party that controls the legislature typically redraws the boundaries in a way that favors candidates of its party.
Elections that occur midway between a president's term.
Legislature that has two chambers organized along party lines. i.e. United States' Senate and House of Representatives.
Individuals who will lead their party's efforts in the chamber.
Closed session between members of a party to plan strategy, develop issues, and resolve policy differences.
Members of a party band together on legislation and stand against the opposite party.
Physically recorded votes from the members of Congress, as opposed to voice votes.
Permanent committees with responsibility for particular areas of public policy.
Committees with a designated responsibility; do not produce legislation.
Composed of members of both houses who perform advisory functions.
Joint committees formed temporarily to work our differences in House and Senate versions of a particular bill.
Policy area in which committees are authorized to act.
Consecutive years of service.
Proposed legislative act.
Changing content of a bill or other proposed law.
Limits debate over Senate bills to thirty hours; 60 our of 100 Senators must vote for it to be effective.
Procedural tactic whereby a minority of senators can block a bill by talking until other senators give in and the bill is withdrawn from consideration or altered to fit opponents' demands.
Amendments that can be proposed by Senate having no direct relation to the bill.
Bill signed by the president.
Authority to make the laws necessary to carry out the powers granted to the national government.
Power of the president to reject a bill, which will be sent back to Congress with the president's reasons for not signing it.
In the process of making laws, various interests within American society are represented by Congress, giving the citizens a voice in the national legislature.
Practice of trading one's vote with another member's so that both get what they want.
Supervisory activity in which Congress has the responsibility to see that the executive branch carries out the laws faithfully.
Term used in reference to officeholders.