Psychology: Themes and Variations: Ch 15 Vocabulary Flashcards


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1

Antianxiety drugs

Medications that relieve tension, apprehension, and nervousness.

2

Antidepressant drugs

Medications that gradually elevate mood and help bring people out of a depression.

3

Antipsychotic drugs

Medications used to gradually reduce psychotic symptoms, including hyperactivity, mental confusion, hallucinations, and delusions.

4

Aversion therapy

A behavior therapy in which an aversive stimulus is paired with a stimulus that elicits an undesirable response.

5

Behavior therapies

Application of the principles of learning to direct efforts to change clients' maladaptive behaviors.

6

Biomedical therapies

Physiological interventions intended to reduce symptoms associated with psychological disorders.

7

Client-centered therapy

An insight therapy that emphasizes providing a supportive emotional climate for clients, who play a major role in determining the pace and direction of their therapy.

8

Clinical psychologists

Psychologists who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders and everyday behavioral problems.

9

Cognitive dissonance

A psychological state that exists when related cognitions are inconsistent.

10

Cognitive therapy

An insight therapy that emphasizes recognizing and changing negative thoughts and maladaptive beliefs.

11

Counseling psychologists

Psychologists who specialize in the treatment of everyday adjustment problems.

12

Deinstitutionalization

Transferring the treatment of mental illness from inpatient institutions to community-based facilities that emphasize outpatient care.

13

Dream analysis

A psychoanalytic technique in which the therapist interprets the symbolic meaning of the client's dreams.

14

Eclecticism

In psychotherapy, drawing ideas from two or more systems of therapy instead of committing to just one system.

15

Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)

A biomedical treatment in which electric shock is used to produce a cortical seizure accompanied by convulsions.

16

Free association

A psychoanalytic technique in which clients spontaneously express their thoughts and feeling exactly as they occur, which as little censorship as possible.

17

Group therapy

The simultaneous treatment of several clients in a group.

18

Insight therapies

Psychotherapy methods characterized by verbal interactions intended to enhance clients' self-knowledge and thus promote healthful changes in personality and behavior.

19

Interpretation

In psychoanalysis, the therapist's attempts to explain the inner significance of the client's thoughts, feelings, memories, and behaviors.

20

Mental hospital

A medical institution specializing in providing inpatient care for psychological disorders.

21

Mood stabilizers

Drugs used to control mood swings in patients with bipolar mood disorders.

22

Placebo effects

The fact that subjects' expectations can lead them to experience some change even though they receive an empty, fake, or ineffectual treatment.

23

Psychiatrists

Physician who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders.

24

Psychoanalysis

An insight therapy that emphasizes the recovery of unconscious conflicts, motives, and defenses through techniques such as free association and transference.

25

Psychopharmacotherapy

The treatment of mental disorders with medication.

26

Regression toward the mean

Effect that occurs when people who score extremely high or low on some trait are measured a second time and their new score falls closer to the mean (average)

27

Reistance

Largely unconscious defensive maneuvers a client uses to hinder the progress of therapy.

28

Social skills training

A behavior therapy designed to improve interpersonal skills that emphasizes shaping, modeling, and behavioral rehearsal.

29

Spontaneous remission

Recovery from a disorder without formal treatment.

30

Systematic desensitization

A behavior therapy used to reduce clients' anxiety responses through counterconditioning.

31

Tardive dyskinesia

A neurological disorder marked by chronic tremors and involuntary spastic movements.

32

Transference

In therapy, the phenomenon that occurs when clients start relating to their therapists in ways that mimic critical relationships in their lives.