Fieldwork and Ethnography

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created 6 years ago by tlampela
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1

Ethnographic Fieldwork

a primary research strategy in cultural anthropology involving living with a community of people over and extended period of time to better understand their lives

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Participant Observation

a key anthropological research strategy involving both participation in and observation of the daily life of the people being studied

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Father of Fieldwork

Malinowski

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Reflexivity

a critical self-examination of the role the anthropologist plays and an awareness that one's identity affects one's fieldwork theoretical analyses

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Quantitative Data

statistical information about a community that can be measured and compared

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Qualitative Data

descriptive data drawn from non statistical sources, including participant observation, personal stories, interviews, and life histories

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Interview

a research strategy of gathering data through formal or informal conversation with informants

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Survey

an information gathering tool for quantitative data analysis

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Mapping

the analysis of the physical and or geographic space where fieldwork is being conducted

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Rapport

the relationship of trust and familiarity that developed with members of the community being studied

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Key Informant

a community member who advises the anthropologist on community issues, provides feedback and warns against cultural miscues

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Emic

an approach to gathering data that investigates how local people think and how they understand the world

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Etic

description of local behavior and beliefs form the anthropologist perspective in a way that can be compared across cultures

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Informed Consent

a key strategy for protecting those being studied by ensuring that they are fully informed of the goals of the project and have clearly indicated their consent to participate