What is the most common acute abdominal inflammatory process in children (after gastroenteritis)?
How many women will develop breast cancer?
1 in 8
Most common childhood renal cystic disease.
Multicystic Dysplasia Disease
Most common tumor of the renal collecting system.
Transitional Cell Carcinoma
Most common solid renal mass in children
Most common renal cortical mass
Benign counterpart of Renal Cell Carcinoma
Most common benign renal tumor
Most common solid kidney mass in neonate
more common in males
Benign counterpart of Wilms.
Benign rare mass most common in adult men
Most common renal disease to cause renal failure
Acute Tubular Necrosis
85% of renal malignancies, twice as common in 60-70 males
Renal Cell Carcinoma
Von Grawitz tumor
Which type of renal lymphoma is more common?
start in the cells of the fat that surrounds the kidney.
They are more common in middle-aged women.
can grow to be quite large
What is the most common locations of a Pancreatic Pseudocyst?
Most common functioning islet cell tumor. 90-95% benign. Mostly in body and tail
Insulinoma (B Cell tumor)
2nd common functioning islet cell tumor.
Usually originate from pancreatic duct
mostly in females
Where does almost all breast pathology originate?
How does breast cancer most frequently spread?
blood flow routes
What is the most common metastasis of Breast Cancer?
What is the most common cancer to metastasize to the breast?
Most common benign solid tumor of the breast.
Estrogen related tumor.
Primarily in young women
Most common non-invasive breast cancer.
Ductal Carcinoma in Situ (DSIS)
Arises from the TDLU, malignant changes of the ductal epithelium without extension past basement membrane.
Very common in women ages 35 to 50
Results from obstructed duct or hormonal changes
Regress after menopause
Presentation: breast lump, pain & tenderness
Benign tumor originating from the ductal epithelium and projecting into the lumen of the duct. Commonly in women ages 35 to 55.
What vein is commonly blamed for breast cancer metastasis to ribs?
Intercostal Veins - communicates with vertebral veins
What would be a common cause for elevation of AST?
What is the Most common Glycogen storage disease?
type I – Von Gierke’
Where is Budd-Chiari syndrome most common?
A hepatic cyst is usually a solitary, non-parasitic cyst of the liver. solitary or multiple. More common in females
Simple hepatic cysts
Very small cysts that range from .2 to 2.5 cm. They are most common in patients with severe liver disease
A pus-forming abscess caused by bacteria. The most common bacteria is Escherichia coli and anaerobes.
The most frequent organism causing the infection is Escherichia coli or anaerobes
Benign congenital tumor of the liver. Most common and most frequent in females
Liver tumor of glandular epithelial tissue. More commonly in women taking oral contraceptives.
Liver cell adenoma
This is the second most common benign liver mass in women over 40 years of age.
Focal nodular hyperplasia
This is the most common primary malignant Liver neoplasm
This is the most common form of neoplastic involvement of the liver. The primary sites include colon, breast, and lung
The most common reason for a liver transplant
What is the cause of the most common complication of a liver transplant?
Most common Benign neoplasms, overgrowth of gallbladder epithelium.
usually near fundus
Rare cancer of the gallbladder with almost 100% mortality rate
The 5th most common GI malignancy in 60-70 caucasians.
What is the most common splenic disorder?
What is the most common cause of Splenic Congestion?
What is the most important measurement of the spleen?
superior to inferior
12 -13 cm
What is the most common cause of Splenic Congestion?
Most common benign solid thyroid lesion in adults.
Degenerating follicular adenoma
Most common thyroid abnormality
Nontoxic Simple Goiter
What is the most common cause of a Nontoxic Simple Goiter?
Most common thyroid malignancy
Prominent cause of thyroid cancer in children
Most common cause of hyperparathyroidism
parathyroid enlarges into a tumor and excretes to much parathyroid hormone
What is the most common cause of acute scrotal pain and tenderness?
What is the most common cause of painless scrotal swelling?
What is the most common germ cell tumor in infants?
yolk sac tumors
Where are most malignant testicular masses found?
Where are most benign testicular masses found?
What is the common age for testicular torsion?
12 - 18
most common place for hernia
What is the most common ischemic lesion in a premie brain?
Where is a most common site for hemorrhage on the caudate nucleus?
This is the most common site for hemorrhage in the neonate infant.
The most common cause is aquaduct stenosis.
Most common hemorrhage in preterm, affecting 30 to 50% of infants born before 32 weeks. The most common site is the interthalmic groove. Can cause obstruction in the choroid plexus
Most common ischemic lesion in the immature brain.
AKA Multifocal White Matter Necrosis,
Highly echogenic areas in the white matter
A common complication of purulent meningitis
The most severe form of Holoprosencephaly
What is the single most important determination in a spinal exam?
identification of the conus medularis
the least common form of spina bifida.
Spina Bifida Meningocele
In this form, the vertebrae develop normally, but the meninges are forced into the gaps between the vertebrae
Why does ascites most frequently occur?
Chronic liver disease
What is the most important ligament reinforcing the hip joint?
What is the most important factor influencing of treatment of developmental displacement of the hips?
the age at diagnosis
treatment should begin bfore patient walks
Which pouch is the most dependent?
pouch of douglas
When is ovarian torsion most likely to occur?
young girls primarily
most occur before the age of 20
What is the most common pediatric Ovarian germ cell tumor?
Benign cystic teratoma
What is the most frequent complication of a ovarian teratoma?
What are the 3 most common causes of pediatric jaundice?
What is absent in most common forms of pediatric biliary atresia?
most common benign vascular lesion of ealry childhood
What is the 3rd most common abdominal malignancy in children after Wilm's disease?
What is the most common blastoma?
What is the most common cause of recurrent UTI in men?
What is the most common malignant neoplasm of prostate?
What is the 2nd most common abdominal malignancy in children after Wilm's tumor?
neuroblastoma - adrenal
What is the most common acute abdominal disorder in early childhood?
What is the most common cause of a splenic abscess?
What is the most common benign stomach tumor?
What is the most common malignant gastric tumor?
What is the 6th leading cause of death?
What is the most common type of obstruction of the upper urinary tract?
What is the most common cause of bladder outlet obstruction in the male neonate?
Posterior Urethral Valves
What is the most common solid kidney mass in neonates?
Congenital Mesoblastic Nephroma
What is the most common solid renal mass of childhood?
What is the second most common abdominal tumor of childhood?
What is the most common cause of jaundice in pediatric patients?