BIOL102 LECTURE PRACTICE QUIZ 6 REVIEW GUIDE

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Campbell Biology
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1

GENUS of Protist (Diplomonad) that causes a type of diarrhea that may be contracted by drinking water from unsafe sources such as streams and rivers

Giardia

2

Member of super group Excavata; a GROUP of Protists that has one normal flagellum and one flagellum that has a unique crystalline-rod lying alongside the 9+2 ring of microtubules

Euglenozoans

3

Euglenozoan; kinetoplastid: parasitic GENUS that causes African Sleepling Sickness and Chagas’ Disease

Trypanosoma

4

Member of supergroup Excavata; a GROUP of Protists that move by means of flagella and an undulating part of the plasma membrane; lacks plastids; has unusual mitochondria called hydrogenosomes;

Parabasalids

5

A phylum of protists (Alveolate) that has armored plates of cellulose and one flagellum oriented at 90 degrees to the second flagellum; spins in the water; an important component of phytoplankton; some pose a problem when humans consume shellfish that have fed on the toxin producing members of this group:

Dinoflagellates

6

Alveolate; apicomplexan; parasitic genus transmitted by female Anopheles mosquito; multiple fission in human liver; merozoites produced in red blood cells; release of merozoites and their waste products correlated to symptoms (24-hour fever & chills)

Plasmodium

7

Characteristic common to Clade Stramenopila

Hairy flagellum paired with smooth flagellum

8

An ALVEOLATE that has enzyme complexes at the top; non motile; has non-photosynthetic plastid; sexual & asexual stages; often requires two or more different hosts to complete its lifecycle:

Apicomplexan

9

Rhizarian; named for skeleton fused into one piece of silica; threadlike pseudopodia used for phagocytosis

Radiolarians

10

Type of algae that contains the pigment phycoerythrin; includes species that are leafy and edible, that are coralline, that produce a substance that is a thickener, and that are a source of traditional Japanese food:

Red algae

11

This GROUP of Amoebozoans forms multicellular aggregates; forms asexual fruiting bodies; has no flagellated stages; and includes Dictyostelium :

Cellular slime molds (Dictyostelida)

12

STRAMENOPILE; unicellular ALGAE with a unique 2-part silica wall; fossilized forms used for filters; stores food as glucose polymer called laminarin

Brown algae

13

Rhizarian; named for porous multichambered TEST made of calcium carbonate; threadlike pseudopodia that function in swimming and feeding; example, Globigerina

Foraniforams

14

STRAMENOPILES that are multicellular; most marine; prefer cooler water; often referred to as “sea weeds”; includes Fucus, Kelp, Sea Palms.

Brown algae

15

Type of HOST that harbors the adult form of a parasitic Protist:

Definitive host

16

Member of supergroup Excavata; a GROUP of Protists that has two equal-sized nuclei and multiple flagella; lacks plastids; has unusual mitochondria called mitosomes.

Diplomonads

17

What criterion provides the best rationale for not classifying the slime molds as fungi?

Molecular systematics

18

Protistan organism formerly considered to be a fungus that was responsible for the Irish Potato famine in the 1800s:

Phytophthora infestans

19

Apicomplexan Protist whose life cycle must include a domestic cat and who has been found to influence the brain of organisms; e.g. causes rats to undertake “risky behavior’ like being attracted to cat urine:

Toxoplasma gondii

20

Kinetoplastid parasite that is transmitted by the “kissing bug’ and causes Chagas’ disease in South and Central America

Trypanosoma cruzi

21

Alveolata; a DINOFLAGELLATE that produces a neurotoxin that accumulates in the tissue of Caribbean reef fishes such as Grouper; ciguatoxin is not deactivated by cooking:

Gambierdiscus

22

Give the correctly written genus, species, and STRAIN of a parasitic Kinetoplastid that affects the central nervous system; is transmitted by a vector (tsetse fly); and is epidemic in West and Central Africa

Trypanosoma brucei