computer term 11-20

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created 7 years ago by emanual
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1
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Information

Anything that can be communicated. Some information has value; some has none.

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Output

Information given out by the computer

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System unit

The box that contains a computer’s main circuitry and storage devices

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CPU (Central Processing Unit)

Part of the computer that processes information, performs arithmetic calculations, and makes basic decisions based on information values.A1/27/14

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Silicon chip

Hundreds of transistors packed into an integrated circuit on a piece of silicon.

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MHz (megahertz

A unit of measurement for a computer’s clock speed; millions of clock cycles per second.

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RAM (Random Access Memory)

– Memory that stores program instructions and data temporarily.A1/27/14

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ROM (Read Only Memory)

Memory that includes permanent information only. The computer can only read information from it; it can never write any new information on it.A1/27/2014

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Bit

Binary digit. The smallest unit of information. A bit can have two values: 0 or 1.

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Byte

Grouping of 8 bits