Abbreviations Associated with Medical Field

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Common abbreviations used in the medical field
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1

ADA

American Diabetes Association

2

ADL

Activites of Daily Living

3

ad lib.

as desired

4

amb

ambulatory

5

A.P. and Lat.

anteroposterior and lateral

6

bil.

bilateral

7

BM

bowel movement

8

BP

blood pressure

9

BR

bed rest

10

BRP

bathroom privelages

11

c

with

12

C

centigrade

13

cal

calorie

14

cath

catheter

15

C and B

chair and bed

16

CC

chief complaint

17

cm

centimeter

18

c/o

complains of

19

CO2

carbon dioxide

20

CSM

circulation, sensation and movement

21

D and I

dry and intact

22

DAT

diet as tolerated

23

D/C

discontinued

24

disch

discharge

25

DOA

dead on arrival

26

DSD

dry sterile dressing

27

dsg

dressing

28

ed

emergency department

29

F

fahrenheit

30

fam hx

family history

31

FUO

fever of uknown origin

32

H2O

water

33

HOB

head of bed

34

HR

heart rate

35

ht

height

36

Hx

history

37

I & D

incision and drainage

38

I & O

intake and output

39

IS

incentive spirometer

40

left

41

lat

lateral

42

lb

pound

43

LOC

level of consciousness

44

MDI

metered dose inhaler

45

mod

moderate

46

Neb

nebulizer

47

neg

negative

48

NPO

nothing by mouth

49

N/V

nausea and vomiting

50

O2

oxygen

51

OOB

out of bed

52

OT

occupational therapy

53

OTA

open to air

54

PERRLA

pupils equal, round, react to light and accomodation

55

PMI

point of maximum impulse

56

Post-op

after surgery

57

pre

before

58

pre-op

before surgery

59

PT

physical therapy

60

pt

patient

61

®

right (can be "rectal" as well)

62

R

respiration

63

RT

respiratory therapy

64

r/o

rule out

65

ROM

range of motion

66

Rx

treatment

67

s

without

68

SCD

sequential compression device

69

SS

serosanguinous drainage

70

SSE

soap suds enema

71

S & S

signs and symptoms

72

SNF

skilled nursing facility

73

T

temperature

74

TCDB

turn, cough, deep breathe

75

TPR

temperature, pulse, respiration

76

VS

vital signs

77

W/C

wheel chair

78

wt

weight

79

ac

before meals

80

AD

right ear

81

amp

ampule

82

amt.

amount

83

AS

left ear

84

ATC

around the clock

85

AU

both ears

86

bid

2 times a day; twice a day

87

BR

bedrest

88

cap

capsule

89

CVC

central venous catheter

90

D5W

dextrose 5% in water

91

D5S

dextrose 5% in saline

92

D/W

DEXTROSE AND WATER

93

Elix

elixir

94

gm

gram

95

gr

grain

96

gtt

drop

97

hr

hour

98

hs

hour of sleep; at bedtime

99

IM

intramuscular

100

IV

intravenous

101

IVPB

intravenous piggy back

102

Kg.

kilgram

103

KVO

keep vein open

104

L

liter

105

m

minum

106

mcg

microgram

107

mEq

milliequivalent

108

mg

milligrams

109

ml,mL

milliliter

110

NS

normal saline

111

OD

right eye

112

OOB

out of bed

113

OS

left eye

114

OU

each eye

115

oz.

ounce

116

p.

after or following

117

PAC

port-a-catheter

118

pc

after meals

119

PCA

patient controlled analgesia

120

po

by mouth

121

pr

by rectum

122

prn

whenever necessary

123

q

every

124

qh

every hour

125

qid

4 times a day

126

qs

sufficient quantity

127

q2h

every 2 hours

128

q4h

every 4 hours

129

sc

subcutaneous

130

sl

sublingually

131

ss

one half

132

stat

immediately

133

supp.

suppository

134

tab

tablet

135

tbsp.

tablespoon

136

tid

3 times a day

137

Tr. or tinct

tincture

138

TO

telephone order

139

tsp

teaspoon

140

ung

ointment

141

VO

verbal order

142

vol.

volume

143

X

times-

144

change