Technology Applications Chap 1

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created 8 years ago by shoughton
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Technology
updated 8 years ago by shoughton
Grade levels:
6th grade
Subjects:
computer
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1

Computer

A machine that changes information from one form to another by performing input, processing, output, and storage

2

Input

Raw information, or data, that is entered into a computer

3

Bit

A number that is a building block for computer languages; short for binary digit

4

Byte

A group of bits combined into groups of eight or more

5

Processing

A task a computer carries out with data

6

Output

The result of a computer’s processing, displayed on-screen, printed on paper,or heard through a speaker

7

Storage

Devices, such as hard drives and CD ROM drives, that permanently hold data and program instructions for a computer to use

8

Hardware

The physical parts of a computer

9

CPU

A piece of the computer’s hardware that processes and compares data and completes arithmetic and logical operations

10

RAM

Special chips that store data and instructions while the computer is working

11

Peripheral

Separate input, output, and storage hardware

12

Software

Programs that tell a computer what to do and how to do it

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System Software

Programs that help the computer work properly

14

Application Software

A program that allows you to create documents, listen to music, or play games on the computer

15

Operating System

A system that allows hardware devices to communicate with one another, run efficiently, and support software systems

16

Compatibility

The ability to share files between two different application programs or operating systems

17

Utility Software

Programs that are used to maintain and repair the computer