Ch. 14 Executives and Bureaucracies

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1

state

in Europe, all branches of the national political system; what Americans call "the government."

2

deadlock

in presidential systems, executive and legislative branches blocking each other (current term: gridlock)

3

minister

head of ministry, equivalent to U.S. departmental secretary.

4

chancellor

Germany's prime minister

5

Knesset

Israel's 120-member unicameral parliament

6

KGB

Soviet committee on state security, powerful intelligence and security agency

7

dissolve

send a parliament home for new elections

8

tory

nickname for british conservative

9

impeachment

president indicted by the house and tried by the senate

10

appropriation

government funds voted by legislature

11

Y axis

the vertical leg of a graph

12

X axis

the horizontal leg of a graph

13

line graph

connection of data points showing change over time

14

bar graph

stand-alone data points comparing categories

15

ministry

major division of executive branch ; equivalent to U.S. department

16

bureaucracy

the career civil service that staffs government executive agencies

17

career

professional civil servant not political appointee

18

five-year plan

stalins plans for rapid, centrally administered soviet industrial growth

19

nomenklatura

lists of top soviet positions and those eligible to fill them, the soviet elite

20

cadre

in asian communist systems, party members serving as officials

21

departement

department; main French territorial subunit, now numbering 96

22

junker

(YOON-care) prussian state nobilty

23

merit civil service

one based on competitive exams rather than patronage

24

apolitical

not interested or participating in politics

25

vice minister

civil servant who directs a japanese ministry

26

MITI

Japan's ministry of international trade and industry

27

bureaucratic politics

infighting among and within agencies to set policy

28

productivity

the efficiency with which goods or services are produced