Computer Terms 11-20

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created 5 years ago by BrodyMartinez
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Computer Terms
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1

RAM (Random Access Memory)

  1. Memory that stores program instructions and data temporarily.
2

ROM (Read Only Memory)

Memory that includes permanent information only. The computer can only read information from it; it can never write any new information on it.

3

Peripheral devices

  1. Input, output, and secondary storage devices. (keyboard, monitor, zip drive)
4

Input devices

Units that gather and change information into a series of electronic signals for the computer. Device for accepting input, such as a keyboard or mouse.

5

Output devices

  1. Devices that display, print, or transmit the results of processing from the computer’s memory. Device for sending information from the computer, such as a monitor or printer.
6

System unit

The box that contains a computer’s main circuitry and storage devices.

7

.LAN Intranetwork

  1. A network in which the computers are close to each other, usually in the same building. Computer network located within a limited geographical area, such as a small business.
8

WAN Internetwork

A network that extends over a long distance. Interconnected group of computers and peripherals that cover a large geographical area, such as multiple buildings.

9

CPU (Central Processing Unit)

  1. Part of the computer that processes information, performs arithmetic calculations, and makes basic decisions based on information values. Where the processing in a computer takes place, often called the brain of the computer.
10

GUI (Graphical User Interface)

  1. – a user interface based on graphical displays. With a mouse, the user points to icons that represent files, folders, and disks. Documents are displayed in windows. The user selects commands from menus.