Introduction to public speaking

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created 5 years ago by chaneasegarvey
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updated 5 years ago by chaneasegarvey
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1

Informative speeches

  • Are used to educate an audience about a subject
  • is never persuasive
2

Persuasive speeches

  • Are used to affect the audiences beliefs or to move them to action
  • sometimes contains an informative component
3

Benefits of a public speaking course

  1. You learn how to speak to an audience
  2. you learn skills that apply one-on-one communication
  3. you developed oral communication skills that are prized in the job market
  4. you learn in an ideal environment for Gaining experience and building confidence
  5. you can make a contribution to the lives of other people
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Speaker

  • The source of the message that is transmitted to a listener
5

Listener

  • The recipient of the message sent by the speaker
  • must focus on the speaker
  • must listen with an open mind, avoiding the tendency to prejudge A speaker or discount a speakers views without a fair hearing
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Message

  • What ever is being communicated verbally and nonverbally to listener
7

Verbal symbols

  • ARe words
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Nonverbal symbols

  • Are what you convey with your tone of voice, eyes, facial expressions, gestures, posture, and appearance
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Channel

  • The medium use to communicate the message
10

Feedback

  • The response at the listeners give the speaker
  • verbal and nonverbal
11

Interference

  • Anything that blocks or hinders the accurate communication of a message
  • External interference: Comes from outside the listener
  • Internal interference: comes from within the listener
  • speaker-generated interference: can occur if you distract your listeners with unfamiliar words, confusing concept, or bizarre clothing
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Situation

  • The setting in which communication takes place
  • different situations call for different behaviors
13

The speakers responsibilities

  1. Maintain high ethical standards: speaker should be honest and straightforward-Never distort information-Respects your audience-Reject stereotyping and scapegoating
  2. Enrich the listeners' lives
  3. take every speech seriously
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Scapegoat

  • A person or group unfairly blamed for some real or imagined wrong
15

Stereotype

  • A simplistic or exaggerated image that humans carry in their minds about groups of people
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Ethics

  • The standards of conduct and moral judgment that are generally accepted in a society
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General-purpose

  • To inform, persuade, etc.
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Specific purpose

  • A statement of exactly what you want to achieve with your audience
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Central idea

  • The message of your speech boiled down to one sentence
  • what you want your listeners to remember if they forget everything else
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Transitions

  • Carry your listeners from one part of the speech to another
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Introduction

  • Grab the attention of the listeners and make them want to listen to the rest of the speech
  • give any background information or definitions that the audience would need in order to understand the speech
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Attention getters

  • Includes fascinating stories, intriguing questions, and interesting facts or statistics
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Conclusion

  • Summarize your key points, and then close with the clincher (such as a quotation or his story) to drive home the central idea of the speech
24

practice

  • Rehearse your speech several times
25

Self-confidence

  • Develop a positive attitude about yourself, your speech, and your audience
26

Approach and beginning

  • When your call to speak, leave your seat without sighing for mumbling, walk confidently to the front of the room
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Eye contact

  • Look at all parts of the audience throughout the speech
  • glance down at your notes only occasionally
28

Speaking rate

  • Speak at a rate that makes it easy for the audience to absorb the ideas--neither too slow nor too fast
29

Clarity and volume

  • Pronounce your words distinctly and speak loud enough so that all listeners can clearly hear you
  • avoid verbal fillers such as uh, ah, um, er, okay, ya know.
30

Use of notes

  • Glance at your notes occasionally to pick up the next point