CT.11-20

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computer terms
updated 5 years ago by Faith34352
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1

RAM (Random Access Memory)

Memory that stores program instructions and data temporarily.

2

ROM (Read Only Memory)

Memory that includes permanent information only. The computer can only read information from it; it can never write any new information on it.

3

Peripheral devices

Input, output, and secondary storage devices. (keyboard, monitor, zip drive)

4

Input devices

Units that gather and change information into a series of electronic signals for the computer. Device for accepting input, such as a keyboard or mouse.

5

Output devices

Devices that display, print, or transmit the results of processing from the computer’s memory. Device for sending information from the computer, such as a monitor or printer.

6

System unit

The box that contains a computer’s main circuitry and storage devices.

7

LAN Intranet work

A network in which the computers are close to each other, usually in the same building. Computer network located within a limited geographical area, such as a small business.

8

WAN Internetwork

A network in which the computers are close to each other, usually in the same building. Computer network located within a limited geographical area, such as a small business.

9

CPU (Central Processing Unit)

Part of the computer that processes information, performs arithmetic calculations, and makes basic decisions based on information values. Where the processing in a computer takes place, often called the brain of the computer.

10

GUI (Graphical User Interface)

Part of the computer that processes information, performs arithmetic calculations, and makes basic decisions based on information values. Where the processing in a computer takes place, often called the brain of the computer.