Ch 9 Vocabulary
Tests that gauge a person's mastery and knowledge of various subjects.
Psychological tests used to assess talent for specific types of mental ability.
The extent to which there is evidence that a test measures a particular hypothetical construct.
The degree to which the content of a test is representative of the domain it's supposed to cover.
Narrowing down a list of alternatives to converge on a single correct answer.
A numerical index of the degree of relationship between two variables.
The generation of ideas that are original, novel, and useful.
Test validity that is estimated by correlating subjects' scores on a test with their scores on an independent criterion (another measure) of the trait assessed by the test.
Deviation IQ scores
Scores that locate subjects precisely within the normal distribution, using the standard deviation as the unit of measurement.
Trying to expand the range of alternatives by generating many possible solutions.
The ability to perceive and express emotion, assimilate emotion in thought, understand and reason with emotion, and regulate emotion.
An estimate of the proportion of trait variability in a population that is determined by variations in genetic inheritance.
Intelligence quotient (IQ)
A child's mental age divided by chronological age, multiplied by 100.
Psychological tests that measure general mental ability.
In intelligence testing, a score that indicates that a child displays the mental ability typical of a child of that chronological (actual) age.
Subnormal general mental ability accompanied by deficiencies in everyday living skills originating prior to age 18.
A symmetric, bell-shaped curve that represents the pattern in which many characteristics are dispersed in the population.
A figure that indicates the percentage of people who score below the score one has obtained.
Psychological tests that measure various aspects of personality, including motives, interests, values, and attitudes.
A standardized measure of a sample of a person's behavior.
Genetically determined limits on IQ or other traits.
Giving an abstract concept a name and then treating it as though it were a concrete, tangible object.
The measurement consistency of a test (or of other kinds of measurement techniques).
The uniform procedures used in the administration and scoring of a test.
Standards that provide information about where a score on a psychological test ranks in relation to other scores on that test.
The ability of a test to measure what it was designed to measure.