Language

Helpfulness: 0
Set Details Share
created 6 years ago by tlampela
632 views
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

snytax

the specifics patters and rules for constructing phrases ands sentences

2

morphology

the study of how patterns and rules of how sounds combine to make morphemes

3

morphomes

smallest unit of sound that carry meaning of their own

4

phonology

the study of what sounds exist and which one are important for a particular language

5

phenomes

the smallest unit of sound that can make a difference in meaning

6

descriptive linguistics

the study of the sounds, symbols, and gesture of a language and their combinations into forms that communicate meaning

7

displacement

the ability to use words to reform to objects not immediately present or events occurring in the past or future

8

productivity

linguistic ability to ouse known words to invent new word combinations

9

language

a system of communication organized by rules that uses symbols such as words, sounds, and gestures to convey information

10

grammar

combined set of observation about the rules governing the formation of morphemes and syntax that guide language use

11

kinesics

the study of the relationship between body movements and communications

12

paralanguage

an extensive set of noises (cries) and tones of voice that convey significant information about the speaker

13

Sapir-Whorf hypothesis

the idea that different languages create different ways of thinking

14

lexicon

all the words for the names, ideas, and events that make up a languages dictionary

15

focal vocabulary

the words and terminology that develop with particular sophistication to describe the unique cultural realities experienced by a group of people

16

sociolinguistics

the study of the ways culture shape language and language shapes culture, particularly the intersection of language and systems of power such as race, gender, class, and age

17

dialect

nonstandard variation of a language

18

prestige language

a particular way of speaking or language variation that is associated with wealth, success, education and power

19

code switching

switching back and forth between one linguistic and another

20

historical linguistics

the study of the development of language over time, including its changes and variations

21

language continuum

the idea that the variation in language appears gradually over distance so that groups of people who live near one another speak in a way that is mutually intelligible

22

language loss

the extinction of languages that have very few speakers

23

digital natives

a generation of people bore after 1980 who have been raised in the digital age