Axial Skeleton

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created 5 years ago by mrsexykins
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1

6 cranium bones

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frontal

parietal

temporal

sphenoid

ethnoid

occipital

2

Frontal

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Coronal suture

3

Parietal

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Sagittal Suture

4

Temporal

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Squamosal suture

Mastoid process

5

no sutures on.. (cranium)

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Sphenoid

Ethnoid

6

Occipital

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Lambdoidal suture

occipital protuberance

occipital condyles

foramen magnum

7

7 facial bones

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mandible

maxilla

zygomatic bone

nasal bone

lacrimal bone

palatine bone

vomer

8

Fontanels

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Anterior (Frontal)

Posterior (occipital)

Anterolateral (sphenoid)

Posterolateral (mastoid)

9

Hyoid

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Hyoid bone

10

Vertebral Column (26)

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7,12,5

cervical (1-7) Atlas, axis 1-2

thoracic (1-12)

Lumbar (1-5)

Sacrum (5 fused 1-5)

Coccyx (4 fused)

11

vertebral column structures

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intervertebral disc

vertebrral foramen

body

spinous process (c7 called vertebra promines)

transverse process (c1-c7 have transverse foramen)

lamina

interverebral foramen

12

Throrax

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Sternum (manubrium, body, xiphoid process)

true ribs (7)

false (5)

floating ribes (2)

13

Sternum

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sternal angle

14

true, false, floating ribs

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costal cartilage (to make ribs more flexible for breathing

15

Cervical, thoracic, lumbar MOTIONS

Cervical: flexion/extension lateral extension rotation

thoracic: rotation lateral flexion

Lumbar: flexion/extension lateral extension (limited)

16

Cervical, thoracic,lumbar SPINOUS PROCESSES

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Cervical: small projects posterior transverse foramina

Thoracic: long and sharp projects inferior

Lumbar: short and rectangular project posterior

17

Cervical, thoracic, lumbar BODY

cervical: Small and wide

thoracic: larger than cervical heart-shaped

lumbar: largest kidney- shaped