Legislatures CH.13

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1

feudalism

system of political power dispersed among layers.

2

parliament

national legislature; when capitalized, British Parliament, specifically the House of Commons.

3

Riksdag

Sweden's parliament

4

estates general

old, UN-used French parliament

5

absolutism

post-feudal concentration of power in monarch

6

presidential system

those with separate election of executive (as opposed to symbolic) president

7

president

the U.S. type systems, the chief political official; in many other systems, a symbolic official

8

parliamentary systems

those with elections of parliament only, which in turn elects the prime minister

9

prime minister

chief political official of parliamentary systems

10

coalition

multiparty alliance to form government

11

fall

in parliamentary system, a cabinet is voted out of resigns

12

cabinet

top executives to head ministries or departments

13

government

In Europe, a given cabinet; in U.S equivalent to "administration."

14

administration

executives appointed by U.S President, = to European "government."

15

separation of powers

legislative and executive branches checking and balancing each other.

16

fusion of power

executive as an offshoot to the legislature

17

MP

British house of parliament , namely, the House of Commons

18

opposition

those parties in parliament not supporting the government

19

backbencher

ordinary members of parliament with no leadership of executive responsibilities

20

vote of no confidence

vote in parliament to support or oust government

21

whip

legislator who intrusts other party members when and how to vote

22

Capitol Hill

Home of U.S Congress (capitOL)

23

minority government

cabinet lacking firm majority in parliament

24

portfolio

minister's assigned ministry

25

national assembly

lower, more important chamber of French parliament

26

bundestag

lower, more important chamber of German parliament

27

bicameral

parliament having two chambers, upper and lower

28

unicameral

parliament with one chamber

29

bundesrat

upper, weaker chamber of German parliament

30

lords

upper, weaker chamber of british parliament

31

life peers

distinguished Briton named to House of Lords for his or her life, not hereditary

32

longitudinal

studying how something changes over time

33

constituency casework

attention legislators pay to complaints of people who elect them

34

ombudsmen

Swedish word for "agent"; lawyer employed by parliament to help citizens wronged by government

35

question hour

time reserved in commons for opposition to challenge cabinet

36

apartheid

system of strict racial segregation formerly practiced in South Africa

37

pork barrel

government projects aimed at legistalors' constituency, also called earmarks

38

log rolling

legislators mutually supporting each other to get pork-barrel bills passed

39

aggregate

thing or population considered as a whole