Pharmacology: A Nursing Process Approach

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created 6 years ago by nilsacaro
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Pharmacology
Chapter 10
Common Herbs and Uses
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1

ALOE VERA

External uses:

minor burns

insect bites

sunburn

Internal uses:

powerful laxative

**Menstrual flow is increases with small doses.**

2

CHAMOMILE

Internal uses:

tea for relief of digestive and GI complaints

IBS

Infant Colic

3

ECHINACEA

Internal uses:

immune enhancer:

(acts by furthering phagocytosis by means of leukocytes and spleen cells and activating granulocytes)

respiratory infections

UTIs

root used for flue-like symptoms

4

EVENING PRIMROSE

Internal uses:

prevents:

cirrhosis

eczema

**Premenstrual syndrome may occur after extended therapy**

5

GARLIC

Internal uses:

Reported to lower/decrease/reduce

cholesterol levels

triglycerides levels

blood pressure

clotting capability of blood

antibiotic

6

GINGER

Internal uses:

migrane headaches

headache

stomach problems (motion sickness, nausea)

digestive disorders

may provide relief from:

pain, swelling, and swelling of both osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis

7

GINKGO

**Most commonly prescribed herbal remedy worldwide.**

Internal uses: CNS effects

increases:

cerebral arterial dilation

uptake of

O2

glucose

assists cells during periods of hypoxia

decreases free-radical damage to neurons

*dementia syndromes

*intermittent claudication

*vertigo

*tinitus

(*when symptoms are secondary to diminished blood flow)

improves cognition

may be helpful in

Alzheimer's disease

early stroke

Raynaud's phenomenon

erectile dysfunction

8

GINSENG

Internal uses:

short-term relief of

stress

boosts

energy

supports

digestion

immune system

assists in

prevention of chronic onfections

9

KAVA

Internal uses:

root promotes

sleep

muscle relaxation

is an

anti-epileptic

anti-depressant

anti-psychotic

promotes

wound healing

tea can help with UTIs

10

PEPPERMINT

Internal uses:

stimulates

appetite

aids in

digestion

bowel disorders

Hot peppermint

stimulates

circulation

reduces

fever

helps restore

energy

11

ST. JOHN'S WORT

**Not effective in use by persons with moderate to severe depression.**

Hypericin: compounds used for standardization

Internal uses:

mild depression (herbal Prozac as a "tonic" for the nervous system)

*Users should apply sunscreen due to possible phototoxicity.

*May cross the blood-brain barrier.

*May enter breast milk.

12

VALERIAN

Internal uses:

mild sedative (herbal Valium with "no hang-over effects"; fresh root preparations reported to be better relaxants with sweet aroma).

sleep-inducing agent

drowsiness may occur

*No reports of habituation and addiction.