Political Science CH 11 Parties

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1

political party

group seeking to elect office holders under a given label

2

interest aggregation

pulling together separate interests into a general party platform

3

mobilization

rousing people to participate in politics

4

neo-institutional theory

institutions take on lives of their own , sometimes disconnected from electorates

5

centralization

degree of control exercised by national headquaters

6

coherence

sticking together to make a rational whole

7

Tea Party

informal grouping of militant republicans

8

Great Society

president johnson's ambitious program of social reform

9

political appointment

government job given to non-civil servant often as reward for support

10

transparency

political money and transactions open to public scrutiny

11

mass parties

one that attempts to gain committed adherents; usually has a formal membership

Example: Western European Socialist parties

12

cadre parties

one run by a few political professionals and only intermittently active

Example: Democratic and Republican parties

13

devotee parties

one based on a single person

Example: Nazi party under Hitler

14

nationalizing

putting major industries under gov ownership

15

poliburo

russin for "political bureau"; the ruling committee of a communist party

16

standing committee

top governing body of Chinese communist party

17

opportunist

persons out of themselves

18

apparatchik

russian for "person of the apparatus"; full time communist party functionary

19

Weltanschauug

german for "worldview"; parties that attempt to sell a particular ideology

20

catchall

large, ideologically loose parties that welcome all

21

party systems

the interactions of several parties with each other

22

inchoate

not yet formed

23

instability

frequent changes of cabinet

24

immobolism

getting stuck over a major political issue

25

two-plus party system

country having two big and one or more small parties

26

personalistic

based on personality of strong ruler

27

polarized pluralism

systems in which parties become more extremists

28

center-seeking

parties become mederate to win the many votes in center of political spectrum

29

center-fleeing

parties become extremists, ignoring voters in center

30

electoral system

laws for running elections; two general types: single member and proportional