Political Science CH. 10 Interest Groups

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Political Science
Chapter 10
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1

interest groups

A group of like-minded individuals who organize, fund-raise, and lobby to have an impact on political opinion.

2

pluralistic

the belief that in liberal democracies, there should be groups with diverse ideas and economic stances. this also keeps one group or party from dominating.

3

corporatism

the direct participation of interest groups in the government.

4

METI

Japan's ministry of economy, trade, and industry

5

Diet

japan's national legislature

6

public financing

using tax dollars to fund something such as election campaign expenses.

7

PAC

political action committee- US interest groups set up to contribute money to election campaigns

8

soft money

campaign contributions to parties and issue groups so as to skirt federal limits on contributions to candidates.

9

single-issue groups

interest association devoted to one cause

10

ALF-CIO

American Federation of Labor- Congress of Industrial Organizations; largest US federal union.

11

NAM

National Association of Manufacturers; a major federation of us industrial executives.

12

socioeconomic status

combination of incone and prestige criteria in the ranking of groups

13

structured access

long term friendly connection of interest groups to officials

14

lobbying

interest group efforts to persuade legislators

15

class actions

lawsuit on behalf of a group

16

Amicus Curiae

statement to a court by persons not party to a case

17

subprime

risky mortgage made unqualified borrower

18

scandal

corruption made public