Prentice Hall Technology Applications: Computer Basics Flashcards
A computer is a machine that changes information from one form into another by performing four basic actions. Those actions are input, output, and storage.
Raw information, or data, that is entered into a computer.
A number that is a building block for computer languages.
A group of bits combined into groups of eight or more.
A task a computer carries out with data.
The result of a computer’s processing, displayed on-screen, printed on paper, or heard through a speaker.
Devices, such as hard drives and CD-ROM drives, that permanently hold data and program instructions a computer to use.
The physical parts of a computer.
Central Processing Unit (CPU):
A piece of the computer’s hardware that processes and compares data and completes arithmetic and logical operations.
Random Access Memory (RAM):
Special chips that store data and instructions while the computer is working.
Separate input, output, and storage hardware.
Programs that tell a computer what to do and how to do it.
Programs that help the computer work properly.
A program that allows you to create documents, listen to music, or play games on the computer.
A system that allows hardware devices to communicate with one another, run efficiently, and support software programs.
The ability to share files between two different application programs or operating systems.
Programs that are used to maintain and repair the computer.