Prentice Hall Technology Applications: Computer Basics Flashcards


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created 11 years ago by wheelermh
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updated 11 years ago by wheelermh
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6th grade
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1

Computer:

A computer is a machine that changes information from one form into another by performing four basic actions. Those actions are input, output, and storage.

2

Input:

Raw information, or data, that is entered into a computer.

3

Bit:

A number that is a building block for computer languages.

4

Byte:

A group of bits combined into groups of eight or more.

5

Processing:

A task a computer carries out with data.

6

Output:

The result of a computer’s processing, displayed on-screen, printed on paper, or heard through a speaker.

7

Storage:

Devices, such as hard drives and CD-ROM drives, that permanently hold data and program instructions a computer to use.

8

Hardware:

The physical parts of a computer.

9

Central Processing Unit (CPU):

A piece of the computer’s hardware that processes and compares data and completes arithmetic and logical operations.

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Random Access Memory (RAM):

Special chips that store data and instructions while the computer is working.

11

Peripheral:

Separate input, output, and storage hardware.

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Software:

Programs that tell a computer what to do and how to do it.

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System Software:

Programs that help the computer work properly.

14

Application Software:

A program that allows you to create documents, listen to music, or play games on the computer.

15

Operating System:

A system that allows hardware devices to communicate with one another, run efficiently, and support software programs.

16

Compatibility:

The ability to share files between two different application programs or operating systems.

17

Utility Software:

Programs that are used to maintain and repair the computer.