Human Disease Ch1

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created 6 years ago by hoovemaa
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1

disease

any disturbance of structure or function of the body

can be acute or chronic

2

lesion

characteristic structural change in organs and tissue as a result of disease

3

functional disease

no morphological abnormalities yet body functions are profoundly disturbed

4

leading cause of death in us

heart disease

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pathology

study of disease

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pathophysiology

study of phys process leading up to disease

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pathgenesis

history and development of disease

origin

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etiology

cause of disease

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classifications of disease

congenital

inflammatory

degenerative

metabolic

neoplastic

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symptoms

reported by patient subjective

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signs

measureable

objective

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asymptomatic

have disease but show no signs or symptoms

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syndrome

collection of clinical signs and symptoms

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prognosis

predicted course and outcome of disease

ie recovery loss of function survival

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terminal disease

disease will end in death

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remission

disease still present but signs and symptoms subside

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exacerbation

increase in severity of signs/symptoms

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relapse

disease returns after cessation

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complicaiton

abnormal state that results from a disease

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health and disease is a...?

continuum

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diagnosis

use of scientific or clinical methods to determine nature and cause of disease

ie clinical family or medical history

physical exam

signs and symptoms

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predisposing factors

genetics age gender environment lifestyle

things that increase risk for diseases

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screening tests

detect diseases to prevent/minimize organ damage