BIOL102 LECTURE QUIZ 1 REVIEW GUIDE

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Campbell Biology
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1

The scientific study of life

Biology

2

Characteristics of life

  1. Order
  2. Evolutionary adaptation
  3. Response to the environment
  4. Reproduction
  5. Growth and development
  6. Energy processing
  7. Regulation
3

What kind of organization does atoms and molecules have?

Chemical organization

4

Organelle, cell, tissue, organ and organ systems and organism fall in which category of organization?

Biological organization

5

Species, population, community, ecosystem, biosphere, ecosphere fall in which category of organization?

Ecological organization

6

Ordered division of organisms into categories

Taxonomy

7

What is based on a set of characteristics used to assess similarities and differences

Taxonomy

8

Aristotle, Plato, and Linneaus came up with what taxonomic scheme?

Two kingdom scheme

9

Robert Whittaker came up with what taxonomic scheme?

Five kingdom scheme

10

Carl Woese came up with what taxonomic scheme?

Three domain scheme

11

What taxonomic scheme was based on macroscopic characteristics?

Two kingdom scheme

12

What taxonomic scheme was based on microscopic observation and form of nutrition?

Five kingdom scheme

13

What taxonomic scheme was based on rRNA sequencing?

Three domain scheme

14

Whittaker's five kingdom scheme

  1. Kingdom monera
  2. Animalia
  3. Plantae
  4. Protista
  5. Fungi
15

Woese's three domain scheme

  • domain Archaea
  • domain Eukarya
  • domain Bacteria
16

The named taxonomic unit at any given level of classification

Taxon

17

Hierarchy of Taxa

  • domain
  • Kingdom
  • Phylum
  • Class
  • Order
  • Family
  • Genus
  • Species
18

Scientific nomenclature is also known as

Binomial nomenclature

19

Origin of new species in evolution

Speciation

20

May occur when gene flow is interrupted between populations of the existing species

Speciation

21

Two main modes of speciation

Allopatric and sympatric

22

Gene flow is interrupted when a population is divided into geographically isolated subpopulations

Allopatric speciation

23

Speciation take place in geographically overlapping populations

Sympatric speciation

24

Two species that occupy different habitats within the same area may encounter each other rarely, if at all, even though they are not isolated by obvious physical barriers such as mountain ranges

Habitat isolation

25

Species that breed during different times of the day, different seasons, or different years cannot mix their gametes

Temporal isolation

26

Courtship rituals that attract mates and other behaviors unique to a species are effective reproductive barriers, even between closely related species

Behavioral isolation

27

Morphological differences can prevent successful mating

Mechanical isolation

28

Sperm of one species may not be able to fertilize the eggs of another species.

Gametic isolation