anatomy and physiology
breaks food into smaller pieces to increase the surface area for the action of enzymes
enzymes break down complex organics into simpler organics and inorganics;each enzyme is specific for the food it will digest.
in upper left abdominal quadrant; a muscular sac that extends from the esophagus to the small intestine.
What Structural Layers of the alimentary tube
mucosa, sub-mucosa, external muscle layer, serosa
What is the Pharynx
food passageway from the oral cavity to the esophagus.
food passageway from pharynx to stomach
What is the Liver
consist of two lobes in the upper right and center of the abdominal cavity
where is the gallbladder located
on undersurface of right lobe of liver
Where is the pancreas located
in upper left abdominal quadrant between the duodenum and the spleen
Where is the small intestine located
coiled within the center of the abdominal cavity, extends from stomach to colon
colon extends from the small intestine to the anus.
at the junction of the cecum and ileum; prevents backup of fecal material into the small intestine.
when food reaches the stomach, secretion of gastric juice is stimulated by the hormone.
bile is stored by the:
common bile duct
bile and pancreatic juices are carried to the duodenum by the
bicarbonate pancreatic juice is important to neutralize hydrochloric acid that enters the:
absorption of nutrients
the capillary networks and lacteals in the villi of the small intestine are important for:
the absorption of amino acids and glucose into the capillary networks of the villi is accomplished by the process of:
stretching of the rectum
the stimulus for the defecation reflex is:
non-essential amino acids
by the process of transamination, the liver synthesizes the: