Basic Nutriton and CNA
Name the contractile unit containing thick and thin filaments
Immediate source of energy for human cells
Exercise that lasts over two minutes requires which energy source of energy?
aerobic cellular resperation
What is the percentage of essential body fat for women and the percentage of essentail body fat for men?
Name types of aerobic (endurance) exercises. How are they differnt from exercises to develop strenght?
(1)swimming,running,aerobic dancing,bicycling,brisk walking
(2)they will improve cardiovascular and pulmonary functions with ability to exercise for longer periods of time
total volume of blood pumped by the heart in 1 minute
the amount of blood pumped from the ventricle (chamber of the heart releasing blood to body circlations)with each beat of the heart
maximal uptake volume of oxygen during exercise;used to measure the intensity and duration of exercise a person can preform
hemoglobin at the lower limit of normal due to increased blood plasmna voulme
(low bone mineral density)relatec to inadequate diet,interrupted menstrual and estrogen cycle
BMI over 30
Class I;BMI 30-34.9 kg/m2
Class II; BMI 35-39.9 kg/m2
Class III;BMI greater than 40 kg/m2
Ther prevalence of obesity is highest in what group or gender of individuals?
(1)black women and hispaic women
List the multiple complications of obesity
type two diabetes,heart disease,stroke,hypertension,retinopathy with blindness,peripheral vascular disease-some requiring leg amputation-,peripheral meuropathy,and renal (kidney) failure
What is likely to happen if a person is under producing leptin?
failure of fat cells to signal the brain about amount of body fat and failure to indue satiation
What is the most common sweetener used in soft drinks?
high frutose corn syrup
At what level of BMI is surgical trearment for obesity justified?
BMI over 40
What type of medication is used to treat people with a BMI over 30?
(1)amphetamines=(may be addictive) modify CNS neurotransmitters
(2)orlistat=blocks lipases from pancreas.May interfere with absorption of fat soluble vitamins
What drugs are very likely to increase body weight?
steroids,some antihistamines,and antidepressants
Who supervises the nursing assistants?
RN'S and LPN'S
Examples of negelect(=)
pressure sores,body not clean,body lice, unanswerd call lights,solied beds,poorly-fitted clothing,refusal of care,weight loss, poor appetite,dehydratio,uneaten food,fresh water are beverages not being passed each shift
signs of physical abuse(=)
slapping,brusing,cuttig,burning,physically restraining,pushing,shoving,roug handlimg
realte to how residents must be treated while living in the facility
-quality of life,services and activites,the right to be informed of there rights and services,the right to particapate in thier own care,the right to make independent choices,the right to complain,the rights to visits,the rights to dignity,respect,and freedom
What is the differnce between acute,chronic,and terminal?
(1)acute=preformed in hospitals and ambulatory surgical centers
(2)chronic=last a long period of time,even a lifetime
(3)terminal=means the person is expected to die from the illness
What are certified nursing assistant duties?
feeding the resident,helping the resident with toileting,assisting the resident to move saftley around the facility,cleaning the residents romm neat and clean,encouraging the residents to eat and drink,helping the resident to dress,making beds,giving backrubs,and helping residents with mouth care
set minimum standards for nursing assistance traning
assigned by law as the legal advocatefor residents
When is documentation to be done?
as soon as you get though seeing the resident
vabuse of staff by residents or other staff members
What us the signs of people chocking?
put thier hands around thier throat and cough,can't speak,turning blue
What are the signs of a heart attack?
sudden sevre pain in the chest,pain are discomfort in other areas,indigestion or heartburn,nausea and vomiting,difficulty breathing,izziness,pale skin color,cold clammy skin,weak or irregular pulse,low blood pressure,denial of heart problems
What do you do when a resident has a seizure?
(1)lower the person to the floor lay him on his side(2)have someone to call the nurse immediatly(3)move furniture away to prevent injury(4)do not try to restrain the person(4)do not force anything between the person's teeth(5)do not give liquids or foods(6)when the seizure is over check brathing(7)report the lenght of the seizure
How do you communacate with hearing impared?
reduce or remove background noise,lower the pitch of your voice,know which ear is better,use picture cards or a notepad as needed,speak clearly,slowly,and in good lighting
What are some types of non-verbal communication?
shaking your head or shurugging your shoulders