Basic Nutriton and CNA

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1

Name the contractile unit containing thick and thin filaments

myofilaments

2

Immediate source of energy for human cells

adenosine triophosphate

3

Exercise that lasts over two minutes requires which energy source of energy?

aerobic cellular resperation

4

What is the percentage of essential body fat for women and the percentage of essentail body fat for men?

Women-12$
Reproduction-20%
Men-3-5%

5

Name types of aerobic (endurance) exercises. How are they differnt from exercises to develop strenght?

(1)swimming,running,aerobic dancing,bicycling,brisk walking
(2)they will improve cardiovascular and pulmonary functions with ability to exercise for longer periods of time

6

Cardiac output

total volume of blood pumped by the heart in 1 minute

7

Stroke volume

the amount of blood pumped from the ventricle (chamber of the heart releasing blood to body circlations)with each beat of the heart

8

V02 max

maximal uptake volume of oxygen during exercise;used to measure the intensity and duration of exercise a person can preform

9

Sports Anemia

hemoglobin at the lower limit of normal due to increased blood plasmna voulme

10

Osteopeniaa

(low bone mineral density)relatec to inadequate diet,interrupted menstrual and estrogen cycle

11

Overweight(=)

BMI 25.0-29.9

12

Obesity(=)

BMI over 30
Class I;BMI 30-34.9 kg/m2
Class II; BMI 35-39.9 kg/m2
Class III;BMI greater than 40 kg/m2

13

Ther prevalence of obesity is highest in what group or gender of individuals?

(1)black women and hispaic women
(2)females

14

List the multiple complications of obesity

type two diabetes,heart disease,stroke,hypertension,retinopathy with blindness,peripheral vascular disease-some requiring leg amputation-,peripheral meuropathy,and renal (kidney) failure

15

What is likely to happen if a person is under producing leptin?

failure of fat cells to signal the brain about amount of body fat and failure to indue satiation

16

What is the most common sweetener used in soft drinks?

high frutose corn syrup

17

At what level of BMI is surgical trearment for obesity justified?

BMI over 40

18

What type of medication is used to treat people with a BMI over 30?

(1)amphetamines=(may be addictive) modify CNS neurotransmitters
(2)orlistat=blocks lipases from pancreas.May interfere with absorption of fat soluble vitamins

19

What drugs are very likely to increase body weight?

steroids,some antihistamines,and antidepressants

20

Who supervises the nursing assistants?

RN'S and LPN'S

21

Examples of negelect(=)

pressure sores,body not clean,body lice, unanswerd call lights,solied beds,poorly-fitted clothing,refusal of care,weight loss, poor appetite,dehydratio,uneaten food,fresh water are beverages not being passed each shift

22

signs of physical abuse(=)

slapping,brusing,cuttig,burning,physically restraining,pushing,shoving,roug handlimg

23

Residents Rights(=)

realte to how residents must be treated while living in the facility
-quality of life,services and activites,the right to be informed of there rights and services,the right to particapate in thier own care,the right to make independent choices,the right to complain,the rights to visits,the rights to dignity,respect,and freedom

24

What is the differnce between acute,chronic,and terminal?

(1)acute=preformed in hospitals and ambulatory surgical centers
(2)chronic=last a long period of time,even a lifetime
(3)terminal=means the person is expected to die from the illness

25

What are certified nursing assistant duties?

feeding the resident,helping the resident with toileting,assisting the resident to move saftley around the facility,cleaning the residents romm neat and clean,encouraging the residents to eat and drink,helping the resident to dress,making beds,giving backrubs,and helping residents with mouth care

26

OBRA

set minimum standards for nursing assistance traning

27

OMBUDSMAN

assigned by law as the legal advocatefor residents

28

When is documentation to be done?

as soon as you get though seeing the resident

29

workplace violence

vabuse of staff by residents or other staff members

30

What us the signs of people chocking?

put thier hands around thier throat and cough,can't speak,turning blue

31

What are the signs of a heart attack?

sudden sevre pain in the chest,pain are discomfort in other areas,indigestion or heartburn,nausea and vomiting,difficulty breathing,izziness,pale skin color,cold clammy skin,weak or irregular pulse,low blood pressure,denial of heart problems

32

What do you do when a resident has a seizure?

(1)lower the person to the floor lay him on his side(2)have someone to call the nurse immediatly(3)move furniture away to prevent injury(4)do not try to restrain the person(4)do not force anything between the person's teeth(5)do not give liquids or foods(6)when the seizure is over check brathing(7)report the lenght of the seizure

33

How do you communacate with hearing impared?

reduce or remove background noise,lower the pitch of your voice,know which ear is better,use picture cards or a notepad as needed,speak clearly,slowly,and in good lighting

34

What are some types of non-verbal communication?

shaking your head or shurugging your shoulders