Self-esteem refers an overall evaluation of your worth.
Dispositional traits are also referred to as “life stories.”
Erikson and Freud both view adult personality as being primarily determined by experiences during infancy and early childhood.
According to the psychometric approach, personality can be characterized as a set of distinct traits on which people differ.
Big five traits include neuroticism, extraversion, and conscientiousness.
When a child says, “That’s me” when looking in a mirror, they are illustrating a looking-glass self.
Babies with difficult temperaments tend to be very passive and seldom cry.
Behavioral inhibition is the tendency to be shy and restrained.
The ability to sustain one’s attention is called effortful control.
The “ideal self” is who we wish others would be
Personality is thought to “gel” during infancy.
Most adolescents experience a dip in self-esteem that tends to rebound in later adolescence.
Foreclosure status is characterized by no crisis, and no commitment.
The identity moratorium status is characterized by active exploration of identity and possible crisis.
The main developmental trend in vocational choice during the adolescent years involves decreasing realism.
Older individuals tend to adjust their ideal selves to be more in line with their real selves.
In collectivist societies, the individual comes before the group.
Big Five personality traits tend to change dramatically following adolescence.
Erikson’s psychosocial crisis of generativity versus stagnation concerns a person’s life review typically conducted in very old age.
Successful aging requires engagement in society.
A specific evaluation of your self-worth defines the concept of self-_____.
The situational-specific ways in which people adapt to their roles is referred to as _____ adaptations
Unique life stories that we construct about our past and future are called narrative _____.
McCrae and Costa developed the _____ trait theory of personality.
Albert Bandura is BEST associated with the _____ theory approach to personality development.
Cooley used the term _____ self in discussing the fact that self-concept is heavily influenced by the responses of others.
Thomas and Chess characterized infants who were even-tempered and happy as having an _____ temperament.
Thomas and Chess characterized infants who were highly irritable and irregular in habit as having a _____ temperament.
_____ affectivity is the tendency for an individual to be easily frustrated, sad, or irritable.
_____ identity status is characterized by no commitment made and no crisis experienced.
_____ identity status is characterized by both commitment made and crisis experienced.
People in _____ cultures define themselves in terms of group membership and place great emphasis on group goals.
Erikson’s first psychosocial stage involves a crisis of _____ versus _____.
Erikson characterized adolescence as involving a crisis of _____ versus _____.
identity; role confusion
The final of Erikson’s psychosocial stages involves the crisis of _____ versus _____.
According to Erikson, most middle-age people are dealing with a crisis of _____ versus stagnation.
Levinson is BEST associated with his belief in a _____ crisis.
Many researchers have suggested that the best strategy for coping with aging involves selective _____ with compensation.
Atchley referred to the retirement period characterized by a relish for one’s newfound freedom as being the _____ phase of retirement.
_____ theory argues that successful aging involves a withdrawal from society.