Management of Perioperative Patients

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1

This begins when the patient is scheduled for surgery; ends at time of transfer to surgical suite

Perioperative period

2

Who functions as educator, advocate, promoter of health and safety during the perioperative period?

The nurse

3

Surgical risk factors for older adults include _____________ cardiac output, peripheral circulation, vital capacity, blood oxygenation, blood flow to kidneys, and glomerular filtration.

Decreased

4

Surgical risk factors for older adults include ___________ blood pressure, risk for skin damage, infection, sensory deficits, and deformities related to osteoporosis/arthritis.

Increased

5

____________ are measured frequently in older adults having surgery due to decreased urine output as blood flow to the kidneys decrease.

BUN/Creatinine

6

a. Chronic illnesses

b. Malnutrition

c. Impaired self-care ability

d. Allergies

e. Inadequate support systems

f. Stress from surgery/anesthesia

g. Cardiopulmonary complications after surgery

h. Mental status changes

i. Risk for falls

Things to consider in the older adult preoperative patient.

7

Older adult patients are at risk for increase of mental status changes after surgery due to the administration of ______________ during surgery.

Anesthesia

8

What reason for surgery determines the origin and cause of a disorder?

Diagnostic

9

What reason for surgery resolves health problems by repairing or removing the cause?

Curative

10

What reason for surgery improves a patient's functional ability?

Restorative

11

What reason for surgery relieves symptoms of disease process, but does not cure?

Palliative

12

What reason for surgery alters or enhances personal appearance?

Cosmetic