chapter 2 overall review (minus organ system of the body)

Helpfulness: 0
Set Details Share
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

Thymus

an irregular mass of glandular tissue overlaying the heart. training and the development of T cells, and extremely important type of white blood cell

2

Heart

Medial oval structure enclosed within the pericardium (serous membrane sac). Provides your body with oxygen and nutrients your body needs, it also carries waste away

3

Lungs

lateral to the heart on either side.takes gas (carbon dioxide ) and exchanges it for gas the the body does need which is oxygen.

4

Trachea

Tubelife windpipe running medially down the throat; part of the respiratory system. Provides airflow to and from the lungs for respiration.

5

Bronchi

Two passageways that plunge laterally into the tissue of the two lungs

6

Esophagus

A food chute; the part of the digestive system that transports food from the pharynx (throat) to the stomach. A muscular tube pinched together at the top and the bottom by sphincters relaxes and allows food to enter

7

Diaphram

A thin muscle attached to the inferior boundary to the rub cage; separates the thoracic and abdominal cavities .

8

Stomach

A curved organ important in food digestion and temporary food storage. The main food storage tank of the body, secretes acid, mucus, and enzymes that help digest and sanitize food while it is being stored

9

Small Intestine

connected to the stomach and ending just before the saclike cecum. where most of the digestion and absorption of food takes place

10

Large intestine

A large muscular tube connected to the small intestine and ending at the anus. Ions and nutrients released by the gut bacteria are absorbed in the large intestine

11

Cecum

The initial portion of the large intestine. Accepts and stores processed food from the small intestine and moves it towards the colon.

12

Rectum

Terminal part of the large intestine; continuous with the anal canal. Temporary storage place for feces until it is expelled out of the anus

13

Anus

The opening of the digestive tract to the exterior

14

Mesentery

An apron-like serous membrane; suspends many of the digestive organs in the abdominal cavity. Notice that is heavily invested with good vessels and more likely not riddled with large fat deposits.

15

Pancreas

A diffuse glan; rests dorsal to and in the mesentery between the first portion of the small intestine and the stomach. You will need to lift the stomach to see the pancreas. Part of the digestive and endocrine system, it produces insulin and other important hormones to pass to the small intestine

16

spleen

A dark red organ curving around the left lateral side of the stomach; considered part of the lymphatic system and often called the red blood cell graveyard. Recycles iron and removes old red blood cells

17

Liver

Large and brownish red; most superior organ in the abdominal cavity, directly beneath the diaphragm.It cleans your blood, produces bile, and stores energy in the form of sugar called glycogen

18

Kidneys

Bean-shaped organs. They filter 120-150 quarts of blood and produce 1-2 quarts of urine per day.

19

Adrenal glands

Large endocrine glans that sit on top of the superior margin of each kidney; produces cortisol which helps regulate metabolism and helps body deal with stress

20

Ureter

Tubes running from kidney to bladder

21

Urinary bladder

The sac that serves as a reservoir for urine

22

Inferior vena cava

The large vein that returns blood to the heard from the lower regions of the body

23

descending aorta

Deep into the inferior vena cava the largest artery of the body; carries blood away from the heart down the midline of the body

24

Greater omentum

an extension of the peritoneum that covers the abdominal viscera.

25

thyroid gland

superior to the the trachea; it determines what our body does with the energy from food