Consolidating a Triumphant Union

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Chapter 15
updated 9 years ago by jncanf
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1

1865

FREEDMEN'S BUREAU IS FORMED.
LINCOLN IS ASSASSINATED; ANDREW JOHNSON BECOMES PRESIDENT.
THIRTEENTH AMENDMENT ABOLISHING SLAVERY IS RATIFIED.

2

1866

CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1866.
KU KLUX KLAN IS ORGANIZED.

3

1867

U.S. PURCHASES ALASKA FROM RUSSIA.
RECONSTRUCTION ACT OF 1867.
RATIFICATION OF FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT PROTECTING CIVIL RIGHTS.

4

1868

JOHNSON IS IMPEACHED AND ACQUITTED.
FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT IS RATIFIED.

5

1869

TRANSCONTINENTAL RAILROAD IS COMPLETED.
NATIONAL WOMAN SUFFRAGE ASSOCIATION AND AMERICAN WOMAN SUFFRAGE ASSOCIATION ARE FORMED.
KNIGHTS OF LABOR IS FOUNDED.

6

1870

FIFTEENTH AMENDMENT ENFRANCHISING BLACK MEN IS RATIFIED.

7

1871

KU KLUX KLAN ACT

8

1873

PANIC OF 1873

9

1874

CONGRESS PASSES CIVIL RIGHTS ACT

10

1876

BATTLE OF LITTLE BIG HORN.
CONTESTED PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION BETWEEN RUTHERFORD B. HAYES AND SAMUEL J. TILDEN

11

1877

COMPROMISE OF 1877.

12

BLACK CODE

SOUTHERN STATE LAWS PASSED AFTER THE CIVIL WAR TO LIMIT THE RIGHTS AND ECTIONS OF NEWLY LIBERATED AFRICAN AMERICANS.

13

CARPETBAGGERS

A NEGATIVE TERM APPLIED BY SOUTHERNERS TO NORTHERNERS WHO MOVED TO THE SOUTH AFTER THE CIVIL WAR TO PURSUE POLITICAL OR ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES

14

CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1875

CONGRESSIONAL LEGISLATION THAT GUARANTEED BLACK PEOPLE ACCESS TO PUBLIC ACCOMMODATIONS AND TRANSPORTATION; THE SUPREME COURT DECLARED THE MEASURE UNCONSTITUTIONAL IN 1883.

15

FREEDMEN'S BUREAU

FEDERAL AGENCY CREATED BY CONGRESS IN MARCH 1865 AND DISBANDED IN 1869. ITS PURPOSES WERE TO PROVIDE RELIEF FOR SOUTHERNERS WHO HAD REMAINED LOYAL TO THE UNION DURING THE CIVIL WAR, TO SUPPORT BLACK ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS, AND TO OVERSEE ANNUAL LABOR CONTRACTS BETWEEN LANDOWNERS AND FIELD HANDS.

16

GRANGE

AN ORGANIZATION FOUNDED BY OLIVER H. KELLY IN 1867 TO REPRESENT THE INTERESTS OF FARMERS BY PRESSING FOR AGRICULTURAL COOPERATIVES, AN END TO RAILROAD FREIGHT DISCRIMINATION AGAINST SMALL FARMERS, AND OTHER INITIATIVES. ITS FULL NAME WAS NATIONAL GRANGE OF PATRONS OF HUSBANDRY.

17

KICKBACKS

MONEY PAID ILLEGALLY IN RETURN FOR FAVORS (FOR EXAMPLE, TO A POLITICIAN BY A PERSON OR BUSINESS THAT HAVE RECEIVED GOVERNMENT CONTRACTS)

18

POCKET VETO

AN INDIRECT VETO OF LEGISLATIVE BILL MADE WHEN AN EXECUTIVE (SUCH AS PRESIDENT OR GOVERNOR) SIMPLY LEAVES THE BILL UNSIGNED, SO THAT IT DIES AFTER THE ADJOURNMENT OF THE LEGISLATURE.

19

RECONSTRUCTION ERA

THE 12 YEARS AFTER THE CIVIL WAR WHEN THE US GOVERNMENT TOOK STEPS TO INTEGRATE 11 STATES OF THE CONFEDERACY BACK TO THE UNION.

20

SCALAWAG

A NEGATIVE TERM APPLIED BY SOUTHERN DEMOCRATS AFTER THE CIVIL WAR TO ANY WHITE SOUTHERNER WHO ALLIED WITH THE REPUBLICAN PARTY.